Short Biography

      Golda Meir was born on May 3, 1898 in Kiev (Ukraine). Her father, Moshe Mabovitch, was a carpenter who left for Mew York City in 1903 to find work. He finally saved enough money working in the workshops of a railroad yard in Milwaukee to bring his family to the United States in 1905.

      Meir attended school, where she excelled despite not knowing English well. However, at the age of 14, her mother wanted her to quit school and marry. Meir rebelled and went to live with her sister Sheyna in Denver, Colorado. There she was exposed to debates about such things like Zionism, women’s suffrage, and literature. She also met her husband, Morris Meyerson, there and they married in 1917.

      By 1921, she had become a labored Zionist. The same year, she and her husband moved to Palestine and joined a kibbutz. They had two kids before they finally divorced and she changed her last name to Meir in 1956. There she became more immersed in the Zionist movement, becoming part of the Executive Committee of the Histadrut and the Jewish Agency and helping to establish Israel in 1948. She became a vital part of Israel and held many key jobs: ambassador to Moscow, a labor minister in 1949, Foreign Minister in 1956, and Prime Minister in 1969.

      As a leader who fought for human rights and governed with a swift and determined hand, Golda Meir became both respected and loved. She was a role model for women and she became the grandmother to all the Jewish people. In 1975, she wrote her autobiography, titled My Life and earned the Israel Prize for her contributions to Israel. She died on December 8, 1978 in Jerusalem at the age of 80 due to cancer.

Women's Rights

Zionism

Histadrut Activities

Establishing Israel

Israel Ministerial Career

Israel Prime Minister

Photos

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