Woody Guthrie was drafted into the army the very day the war ended. He claimed they saw him coming, which was a joke considering his small stature and unimpressive physical prowess. After being discharged from the Merchant Marines, Woody resumed his call for organization among the workers of America. In this year 1944 Woody met Moses Asch who would go onto record many of Woody's songs. "Dying Doctor," a powerful song written in 1945, exposes the living conditions and struggles of the miners. It increased public awareness while it also served as a call for reform. He also became involved with People's Songs. The brainchild of Pete Seeger, the group intended to begin a folk music revival by associating folk music with the labor movement. They intended to help workers obtain some of the profits many employers had gained during the war. It lasted until the beginning of the McCarthy Era.

At the end of the war, Woody and Marjorie finally married. This was a happy and stable time in Woody's life. He recorded children's songs, which put to use his great rhyming ability. He was entranced by his daughter Cathy, now three, who was curious about everything. They spent much time together, singing, drawing, and playing records while Marjorie worked.

This happy period ended in 1947 when Cathy was badly burned in an electrical accident and died the next day. Woody was terribly depressed, haunted by memories of his sister Clara, even after the birth of Marjorie's second child, Arlo.