Eleanor Roosevelt felt as if she had in her hands the fate of those who had no choice. In 1945, President Truman who valued her opinion more than any other appointed her to the United Nations Delegation. This delegation would act as the world's band-aid after the devastating effects of World War II. The delegation was set up in Committees and she was appointed to Committee III, an area that dealt with humanitarian, educational and cultural matters. They had put Mrs. Roosevelt there thinking that, that was where she could do the least harm. Her male collegues thought to themselves: "Ah here's a safe spot for her- Committee Three. She can't do much harm there." Of course they were wrong.
The delegation now faced its first challenge and it fell into the laps of Committee III. A decision had to be made whether refugees who fled to other countries should be forced to return their home country. Mrs. Roosevelt felt that the refugees should not be forced to go home. Instead should have a choice. She knew that if they were to go home in the first place they would be killed. Russia was one of the countries many had fled from. Andrei Vishinsky, a Russian politician strongly believed that the Russians who had left their home country should be returned home. He was very patriotic and one might remember him as the prosecutor at the trials that had sent many Bolsheviks to their deaths. His oratorical skills were legendary; his political loyalties were unquestioned. He wanted his statesmen back; they were to come home and face the consequences. Vishinsky challenged anyone to tell him that he was wrong. Committee three didn't know what to do; no one wanted to go against Vishinsky, so of course they sent Eleanor.
She did not back down when this great orator took the podium before her; she stood up to him and spoke her mind. She made it clear that the governments which took part in the delegation represented human beings not political laws as they were inclined to think. Vishinsky without a doubt was defeated. That was a first of many great things in stored for Mrs. Roosevelt. After this everyone saw that this woman had great potential.
In a new year when the United Nations was officially convened Mrs. Roosevelt was appointed be President Truman as the American Delegate. She was chosen chairperson of the Human Rights Commission. They were going to write a document to be entitled the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, one that was much needed in the world. Although the many Nations did not agree with each other on everything, with Mrs. Roosevelt pushing them like a slave driver, the declaration was written. The composition of this document made her believe that she had made a difference in the world, though she did admit to a friend in a letter, "It has no legal value but should carry moral weight. It is a document to which all men may aspire & which we should try to achieve."
Mrs. Roosevelt faced many other challenges in the fight for human rights like the intervention of the US in other people's business and the importance of having nuclear bombs, but she was meant to overcome them. In the one and half years she served with the UN she made a great impression on many people, even those who absolutely despised at first. One very conservative and racist senator, Senator Vandenberg said after he had served in the Delegation with her," I want to take back every single thing I ever said about her, and believe me it's been plenty." Mrs. Roosevelt was a true humanitarian; one could not help but love her dedication to the common people. She considered her work in the United Nations as "the best thing I've accomplished in all my years."