14TH OF JUNE MOVEMENT
June 14, 1959, troops from the Dominican Liberation Movement, made up of
exiled Dominicans living abroad, were sent to the northern towns of Constanza,
Maimón and Estero Hondo under Commander Enrique Jimenez Moya. Dubbed
the Luperion Invasion, this attempt to topple the dictatorship was halted
by Trujillo's army and air force, but it did manage to plant a seed of rebellion
in the Dominican people.
was the inspiration for the name of a political group organized for internal
resistance: The 14th of June Movement. Manolo was the president of this
group. A man by the name of Pipe Faxa was its secretary general, and Leandro
Guzmán was the treasurer. A short time after the failed Luperion
Invasion, the Dominican Liberation Movement organized another conspiracy
which continued in the 1960's. On January 10, 1960, they met on a farm in
Mao, Valverde belonging to Conrado Bogart. The regime apparently knew of
this meeting because all who attended were arrested.
large number of young middle-class Dominicans were now opposing the regime.
Trujillo had evidence of this and proceeded to arrest them one by one. Manolo
was arrested, then Maria Teresa and Leandro, and later Pedro Gonzalez. More
than 100 members of the 14th of June Movement were arrested. The majority
were taken to La Cuarenta, Trujillo's infamous torture prison. The arrests
of so many young people generated anti-government feelings. The arrests
were even condemned by the Catholic Church. Trujillo was aware of the growing
anti-regime sentiments and in order to stave off some of the criticism he
freed all the women he had jailed. Later on, he also freed the men who had
been jailed only for suspicion. However, Manolo, Pedro and Leandro, the
husbands of Minerva, Patria and Maria Teresa respectively, remained in jail.