Influences Upon the Mahatma
The practice of passive resistance influenced future world leaders such as Mohandas Gandhi. Passive resistance is the practice of peacefully refusing to obey a given law.

Part of Gandhi's philosophy was influenced by practices of passive resistance. Gandhi's philosophy rewakes around the act of arguing, protesting, negotiating etc. in a peaceful way. An example of this occurred in the 1930's. Gandhi and his followers protested in the injustices of Britain by holding peaceful marches, boycotting and strikes.

Gandhi was also influenced by the famous essay written by David Henry Thoreau, an early 19th century American writer, called "Civil Disobedience." He was also interested in the philosophies of Thoreau and his teacher Ralph Waldo Emerson. Both were transcendentalists, which are people who follow the American philosophy of learning about life not just from books but form nature as well. IN the essay, Civil Disobedience, Thoreau argued that people shouldn't obey laws they find unjust. Gandhi considered the terms passive resistance and civil disobedience inadequate for his purposes, however, and coined another term, Satyagraha (Sanskrit, "truth and firmness"). He had also been influenced by the Sermon on the Mount, similar to Bhagvad Gita and the holy books of other faiths and religions. Having received inspiration from the Quaker movement, he believed too that he could make a difference.

Gandhi also has strong beliefs concerning freedom and democracy. To Gandhi, freedom meant everything in a person's life. It was either one has their rights or they don't have any at all. Not having rights meant that it was being similar to a slave.

In 1893 Mohandas Gandhi was a 24-year old barrister straight from law school in England. He was thrown out of a train that was going to Pretoria from Durban in South Africa. He held a first class ticket on board the train and was traveling to meet a client. But train personnel asked him to move to a third class coach because of his race. When he refused, he was pushed out of the train and forced to spend the night in Martizburg railroad station. On that night he developed his idea of offering moral and non-violent resistance to injustice which evolved into his epiphany.

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