Selections from Raven's June
2000 site are shown below
The site is found at http://www.corax.org/revisionism/index.html
Holocaust Revisionism Frequently Asked Questions
Questions and Answers
- 1. What is historical revisionism?
- As more facts about past events come to light, it becomes necessary to re-evaluate
them taking the new information into account. All history is constantly being
reviewed. It is a natural process. It is an important process. The only way
to judge the future is to accurately compare current trends and events to
those of earlier times. It has been said that the good thing about experience
is that one can recognize a mistake when it is made again. So it is with history,
the sum of recorded human experience. Historical revisionism is the process
of changing the human record so that it more accurately represents events
as they actually occurred.
Often there is resistance to the process of bringing history in accord with
the facts. The reason for this is history is not simply a record of events,
but is also a resource from which a world view is drawn. A re-examination
or re-evaluation of important historical events can be viewed as a threat
to the political status quo and to interests upon whose power partially rests
the established view of these events. It has also been said that historians
have the power to upset everything. Vested interests take a dim view of having
Source: "A few facts about the Institute For Historical Review."
pamphlet / IHR
- 2. What is the Holocaust?
- The Holocaust, or Shoah, is the term used to label the fate of the Jews
of Europe at the hands of the Nazis during World War Two. It is a broad term
used to cover all events involving Europe's Jews usually between 1933 and
1945, and especially during the six year period between November 1938 (Kristallnacht)
and November 1944 (alleged Himmler order to stop the Final Solution program)
. Six extermination centers are said to have been established between 1941
and 1943 by the Nazis in Poland for the purpose of killing Jews and "other
minorities." The number of Jews killed by the Nazis during this period
is generally estimated to have been six million.
"The Holocaust" : An all-encompassing neologism used in reference
to the (alleged) extermination of European Jews by the Nazis during World
War Two. Use of the term in this context presumes the following: (1) The Nazis
implemented and succeeded in a premeditated plan to destroy (not resettle)
European Jewry, (2) Approximately six million or more Jews perished as a result,
and (3) A majority of these were killed by use of poison gas (Zyklon B) [and
internal combustion engine exhaust] in gas chambers built for the purpose
of taking human life. [...]
Source: "Worldwide Growth and Impact of 'Holocaust' Revisionism"
- IHR Special Report 1985
- 3. Do revisionists 'deny the Holocaust'?
- The phrase "Holocaust denial" was invented by a Holoscribe named
Deborah Lipstadt who occupies the Dorot Chair in Modern Jewish and Holocaust
Studies at Emory University. Its purpose is to imply Holocaust revisionists
are not rational in their opinions. Dr. Lipstadt believes the current view
of the Holocaust cannot be questioned and debate on the topic cannot be tolerated.
To this end she created the epithet "Holocaust denier." Revisionists
are skeptical of postwar testimony of gas chambers at the Nazi concentration
camps and are of the opinion the six million figure is a baseless exaggeration.
It is not a matter of denying anything. The issue is whether this emotionally
charged and politically important event can be examined critically. Researchers--some
professional, some amateur--have been questioning aspects of the Nazi extermination
story since the war ended fifty years ago. The evidence has been difficult
to obtain, but in the last twenty-five years enough has been gathered to conclude
the gas chamber story is definitely false and the Nazi program to kill the
Jews is a myth.
The problem that has arisen is established political interests have done their
best to suppress this research and prevent the evidence to support these startling
conclusions from being presented to the general public.
Source: Lipstadt, Irving, Butz, Faurisson, Mattogno, Others.
- 4. What aspects of the Holocaust do revisionists
believe to be supported by evidence?
- Here is a summary of what happened to the Jews: Before the war, the Nazis
encouraged emigration of German Jewry. Laws were instituted and governmental
pressures were brought to bear to make life more difficult for Jews in many
professions which Jews came to dominate in the Weimar Republic. The "Ha'avara"
or transfer agreement was reached with Zionist leaders to facilitate the emigration
of German Jews to Palestine. Emigrating Jews very often were forced to abandon
much of their wealth when they left Germany.
After the defeat of France, a plan was discussed by the Nazis to remove the
Jews from Europe to the French colony on Madagascar. This plan was soon dropped
in favor of a resettlement plan which transferred Jews into ghettos and work
camps inside Soviet territory following the invasion of the Soviet Union in
1941. This was to be the first stage toward the ultimate creation of a Jewish
homeland after the war.
As the Germans invaded and the Russians retreated, large shifts in population
occurred in eastern Europe. This shift went from west to east. Tens of millions
of people were involved. Many were forcibly deported into the Russian interior.
Others willingly accompanied the Communists as the Red Army retreated eastward.
General Gehlen estimated in his memoirs that a third of the population in
the areas the German army was to occupy was evacuated eastward ahead of the
Since Jews were viewed by many eastern Europeans as willing accomplices of
the Communists who had occupied the area in the years and months preceding
the German assault, pogroms occurred after the retreat of the Red Army and
prior to arrival of the German army. Many of these assaults on local Jews
were in reaction to the murdering of political prisoners by the Soviet police
as they prepared to retreat.
These events left areas of eastern Europe, now occupied by the German Wehrmacht
and under Nazi administration depopulated.
The Nazis took the situation as an opportunity to remove Jews eastward into
the areas abandoned during the Soviet retreat. Jews were assembled at train
terminals and deported to ghettos and concentration camps established for
them in the east. Some Jews were not deported, however, due to the fact their
work was considered too important to the German war effort.
A result of the tremendous movement of people is many families and communities
were scattered and people lost contact with one another. Many of these contacts
were not reestablished after the war due to a multitude of reasons the greatest
of which were the splitting of Europe in two after the war and the establishment
of the state of Israel.
Guerrilla groups were formed to fight the Nazi occupation. A campaign of sabotage
and assassination by these groups was countered by repression on the part
of the occupiers in the form of the Einsatz groups. The Einsatzgruppen fought
the partisans in ways which included reprisal shooting of civilians. Jews
were believed to make up the majority of partisans. They were also the people
targeted for reprisals. These reprisals took several forms which included
the shooting of hostages or their deportation to ghettos and concentration
During the summer of 1942 a major typhus epidemic swept the Nazi concentration
camp system. The most severely affected camp was Auschwitz camp in Poland.
The epidemic continued for many months. Crematories were built in some of
the concentration camps as part of hygienic measures established to fight
the epidemics. The fumigant Zyklon B was used to exterminate the typhus-bearing
body louse which spread the disease. The total number of Jews and others who
died in the camps is not known, but the total is probably in the hundreds
As the Germans suffered military reversals in 1944 and 1945, the Nazis took
many who were in labor camps with them as they retreated westward. Others
were left behind. As this happened, tens of millions of people were again
uprooted as civilians abandoned almost everything in an effort to escape the
approaching Red Army. The migration in 1941-42 was eastward. In 1944-45 it
In the beginning, Europe's Jewish communities were concentrated in eastern
Europe. By the end of the war, Europe's Jews were still in eastern Europe,
but the communities were shattered. Tens of millions of people, particularly
Germans and Jews were left homeless by the war. As a result, millions of Jews
emigrated. Many settled in Palestine. Many more moved to North America. Others
settled in Australia, South America, and South Africa.
The war was a boon for the Zionist movement. The Holocaust become the founding
myth of modern day Israel. As such it became an excuse for behavior of the
Israelis which would have been inexcusable. It also became the excuse for
billions of dollars in aid and "reparations" being sent to Israel
from Germany and the United States even though Israel did not exist during
the war and its citizens were not subject to Nazi repression. Much of the
aid the new Zionist state was to receive was for the purpose of resettling
European refugees who did not want to go there, but had little alternative
at the time.
Source: A. R. Butz -1976; Solzhenitsyn -1973; Walter N. Sanning 1983; Dr.
Wilhelm Staeglich -1986; Peter Calvocoressi and Guy Wint 1972; Ernst Klee,
Willi Dressen, and Volker Riess 1991; Alfred M. De Zayas 1989; Carlo Mattogno
1994; George W. Robnett 1968; Segev 1994
- 5. What aspects of the Holocaust do revisionists
believe to be unsupported by evidence?
- While there is no universal agreement on many aspects of WWII and the Holocaust,
but one might be classified as a Holocaust revisionist if one is skeptical
of the following:
- Hitler ordered the extermination of the Jews in writing , orally, or
through mental telepathy.
- The Nazis cremated 1,500,000 to 4,000,000 bodies at Auschwitz/Birkenau
in less than two years using between 30 and 52 single-body crematory ovens
and were able to keep it all a secret until late 1944 despite the fact
Auschwitz was a major bombing target photographed by American planes throughout
- The Nazis were able to destroy all documentation of the extermination
program before the total German surrender in mid 1945. This despite the
fact all German secret codes had been broken by the British and many SS
communications had been intercepted by them.
- The Nazis settled on a plan which called for allocating scarce rail
stock to transport hundreds of thousands of people halfway across Europe
only to kill them when they could have killed them locally and used the
rail cars for the war effort.
- The Nazis used Diesel engines as a source of carbon monoxide for their
- The Nazis designed Zyklon B gas chambers without ventilation systems
or gas delivery equipment for killing people.
- The Nazis dug deep pits in a marsh and were able to burn bodies in them.
- The victors in a war are qualified to sit in judgment over the vanquished
and able to dispense justice thereon.
- Former political prisoners and common criminals are sources of accurate
information regarding their jailers.
- Victims don't lie and have no interest in vengeance.
- The Holocaust is a uniquely evil event which is unexplainable and can
be equated to no other.
- Jews should be able to claim special moral authority due to having been
the victims of persecution.
Source: A. R. Butz -1976; Dr. Wilhelm Staeglich -1986; Carlo Mattogno 1994;
Deborah Lipstadt 1993; Robert Lenski 1989; Pressac 1988; Ball 1992
- 6. Wasn't the Holocaust proven at the war crimes
- No. The NMT and IMT set out to prove nothing. The crimes themselves were
never an issue. The courts took judicial notice of the crimes.. This means
the crimes were assumed to be true based purely on the allegations. No proof
was needed. The war crimes tribunals also suspended the normal rules of evidence.
They accepted into evidence documents, hearsay testimony, and other material
which would never be accepted in anything other than a sham court.
The point of the tribunals was to demonstrate the moral authority of the new
world powers. In demonizing the Nazi regime through these trials England,
France, The United States, and the USSR secured their positions as the occupiers
of Germany and justified the annexation of German territory along with the
expulsions of millions of Germans into the dismembered rump Germany.
Allied plans for the future of Germany at that time included the de- industrialization
of Germany. The standard of living was to be the lowest in Europe. The economy
was to be agrarian despite the fact it being the most densely populated nation
on the continent.
In this context, it had to be shown to the world and the Germans themselves
that they were evil and deserved the horrendous treatment they were to receive.
The country was to be "de-Nazified" and reduced to the point where
Germany could "never threaten world peace again."
Since the nature of the war crimes trials was purely political, nothing that
went into them or came out of them should be taken at face value.
Source: A. R. Butz 1976; Alfred M. De Zayas 1989; Dr. Wilhelm Staeglich 1986;
Carlos Whitlock Porter 1988
- 7. Didn't the Nazis themselves admit there was a program to exterminate
- Because the war crimes courts took judicial notice of the crimes, pleading
innocent on the basis the crime did not occur was not an option. The strategy
of many defendants was demonstrate non-involvement or distance themselves
from the alleged crime. Backbiting and finger- pointing were also common.
In order to save their lives, the accused placed blame on others- particularly
people who were either dead, or had evaded capture by the Allies.
The jailers of the Nazis used torture and threats of torture to obtain many
confessions. Sometimes threats against the prisoners' families were made.
For some, like Rudolf Hoess, sleep deprivation was used to get them to sign
The contents of confessions such as those by Hoess and Kurt Gerstein are enough
to simply throw them out as evidence. They contain internal contradictions,
absurdities, and facts that are verifiably false.
Nevertheless most high Nazi officials who survived to be tried disputed the
charge that the final solution to the Jewish question involved their elimination
though mass murder . Julius Streicher stated he believed it was technically
impossible to kill that many people and simply did not believe it was true
or even attempted.
Source: A. R. Butz 1976; Henri Roques 1989; Dr. Wilhelm Staeglich 1986; Carlos
Whitlock Porter 1988; Dietrich Ziemssen 1952; John Sack 1993; Adrian Priessinger
1994; Dr. Robert Faurisson JHR Vol. 7 No. 4 1986-87 Mark Weber JHR Vol. 12
No. 2 1992.
- 8. Don't the photographs taken at the Nazi concentration camps at the
end of the war prove the Nazis were exterminating people?
- How often have we heard the phrase "bodies stacked like cordwood"?
Certainly the photos of the sickening conditions in some of the Nazi concentration
camps in the spring of 1945 were not faked, but they were taken out of context.
Many concentration camp prisoners survived the war in very good physical condition.
Others died for a variety of reasons.
As World War Two approached its conclusion in Europe, Germany was a chaotic
mess. The Allies controlled the sky all over Germany. One of the missions
of the Allied pilots was to disrupt German communications as much as possible.
This meant they shot at just about anything that moved. Trains with supplies
bound to concentration camps were attacked just like any other train. Rail
lines, roads, bridges, and airstrips were bombed and destroyed to prevent
the supply and movement of the German army.
As Germany collapsed upon itself, it suffered from many shortages. This included
medicine, food and fuel. Not being the highest priority, concentration camps
were affected as well. Some camps had not received supplies for days before
the British or American troops arrived.
Add to this the Germans retreat. Prisoners were evacuated from labor camps
near the fronts and moved to other camps. As a result, the remaining camps
became extremely overcrowded.
Combine the overcrowding with the lack of food and medicine. Conditions became
perfect for the outbreak of epidemics. This is what happened.
Bergen Belsen which had been designed by the SS as a sick camp in the waning
days of the war became the destination of many prisoners who were already
sick from other camps. A typhus epidemic was raging there when the British
captured the camp where an uncounted number-usually estimated to be between
10,000 and 30,000- of prisoners died primarily from disease.
Similar circumstances contributed to the awful conditions discovered at Dachau,
Buchenwald, and several other concentration camps.
Germany's enemies used the scenes of dead and dying prisoners as documentary
evidence of German malevolence. While the pictures are authentic, the films
of bodies being bulldozed into trench graves do not tell the whole story.
There was a war going on. It is in this context that these pictures need to
There are several reasons the Germans didn't simply release those in the camps.
Many of the inmates were common criminals. Many were politically anti-German
or anti-Nazi. Those infected with disease posed the threat of spreading the
epidemics into the countryside if allowed to roam Germany.
The healthy prisoners had nowhere to go. There was a war raging all around.
Their homes were on the other side of the battle lines. Additionally, the
likelihood that freed prisoners would form criminal gangs was too high for
them to be released. Many were imprisoned because they were considered risks
to security to begin with. Releasing them to roam the countryside was out
of the question.
Source: A. R. Butz; Staeglich; Porter; John Cobden 1991
- 9. Do captured German documents prove the Nazi regime was exterminating
- No. Quite the opposite is true. Documents such as Wannsee Protocol state
quite clearly that the final solution to the Jewish question was a program
of evacuation and resettlement in the East. The conditions under which this
population transfer took place were not ideal and were in some cases inhumane
or even cruel. Executions took place. Many families and communities were shattered
in the process. It is shameful, but something very different from an intentional
mass murder of the Jews.
Other documents which are erroneously presented to support the thesis extermination
was the intent of the resettlement program generally depend on postwar interpretation
of supposed "code words" the SS used. The interpretation of these
code words as indicating there was a policy to murder the Jews depend on postwar
testimony. This means the proof is not in the documents but in the testimony.
In addition to the resettlement program documents, Einsatzgruppen records
are also offered as proof of an extermination program which targeted Jews.
The aim of the Einsatzgruppen was to fight communist guerrillas inside captured
Soviet territory. Some partisan groups were largely ethnically Jewish. The
Einsatzgruppen targeted Jewish civilians for reprisals when partisans committed
acts of sabotage or murder. The Einsatzgruppen documents indicate hundreds
of thousands of Jews were killed. Some historians, however, question the accuracy
and even the authenticity of many of these records since the source of these
is Stalin's Soviet Union.
There is definitely a subset of documents offered as proof of an extermination
program that are forgeries produced for the war crimes trials. These exist
in the form of "certified copies" of documents the originals of
which are nowhere to be found. One of the most notable examples of this type
of document is the Franke-Gricksch "Resettlement-Action Report".
A final category of suspicious documents are those which appear damning but
for some odd reason the signer of the documents was not prosecuted even though
he was in Allied custody. Dr. Butz discusses a case concerning documents relating
to the deportation of Hungary's Jews where the signer was simply let go. The
implication here is the Allies agreed to let the Nazi official go in exchange
for him signing some bogus documents. The documents could then be used as
evidence against a "bigger" Nazi.
Source: Renk; Butz; Staeglich; Porter; Lenski
- 10. What was 'the Jewish question'?
- The Jewish question was 'What was to be done with an ethnic minority with
no homeland of its own which refuses to assimilate into the dominant German
culture?'. It should be noted that this question was being raised by Jews
as well as non-Jews.
Source: Irving; Staeglich; Butz
- 11. What was 'the final solution to the Jewish question' if it was not
- The Wannsee Protocol states the following:
II[...] The primary responsibility for the administrative handling of the
Final Solution of the Jewish Problem will rest with the Reich Leader SS and
the Chief of the German Police [...] -regardless of geographic boundaries.[...]
The most important aspects are-
a. Forcing the Jews out of the various fields of the community life of the
b. Forcing the Jews out of the living space of the German people. In execution
of these efforts there was undertaken - as the only possible provisional solution
- the acceleration of the emigration of the Jews from Reich territory on an
intensified and methodical scale.[...]
III The emigration program has now been replaced by the evacuation of the
Jews to the East as a further solution possibility, in accordance with previous
authorization by the Fuehrer. [...] ======
Because the retreating Soviets had depopulated areas later captured by the
advancing Nazis in 1941 by as much as a third, or twenty-two million people,
the Nazis leadership decided to expel the Jews under their control to ghettos
and labor camps in the east as a step toward a final expulsion to a Jewish
homeland/reservation/ghetto-nation which was to be set up outside Europe after
the war. The final solution was the expulsion of all Jews from Europe, not
their murder. Even so, it did not matter to the Nazis if people died in the
The Nazis believed such a move was needed because Jews were viewed as a threat
to national morale and security during the war.
Source: Butz; Staeglich
- 12. What is the origin of the six million figure?
- The six million figure is not based on any body count, records, or census.
The number came into use during the war in Zionist propaganda and appears
to have symbolic numerological significance. When the digits in six million
are summed they add up to six. Six million is six times ten raised to the
In numerology the number six is considered 'perfect'. Six is the number of
days God used to create the earth in the story of creation in the book of
Genesis. It holds a special significance for the Jews who use the hexagram
as their symbol.
In the Holocaust itself, the six million figure was used in propaganda emanating
from Zionist and Jewish organizations as early as 1941. Before the Russian
Bolshevik revolution, anti-Czarist propaganda generated by Jews used the six
million figure in describing the magnitude of the plight of Russian Jews under
The chief rabbi of Britain recently called for the re-examination of the six
million figure which he considered totally arbitrary in nature.
- 13. Where did the six million Jews go if they were not killed?
- Because the six million number is not based on a census or survey or any
other type of documentation, this question cannot be answered in an accounting
'balance sheet' type manner. However, a general explanation is possible. There
are several circumstances one has to keep in mind when considering what happened
to the Jews of Europe between 1939 and 1948.
Before the outbreak of the war, the Jews of Europe were concentrated in the
east. Poland, The Soviet Union, Hungary, and other countries that fell into
the Soviet sphere of influence after the war contained the bulk of the population
Since the very definition of Jew changed with the governments, no accounting
of how many Jews remained in these areas after the defeat of Nazi Germany
is possible, but everything indicates a large Jewish population remained after
the end of the war.
During the war, populations in eastern Europe shifted several times. In 1939,
Nazi Germany invaded Poland and occupied the western half. Stalin's USSR.
occupied the eastern half. During the period that followed, many Jews shifted
to the Soviet half. The Russians deported millions of people into the Russian
interior ahead of the German invasion.
When Nazi Germany attacked The USSR. in 1941, the German army found that the
areas they were to occupied had been depopulated by the Soviets of a third
of its people. The Germans estimate 22 million people were moved eastward
into the Soviet interior from Poland, Ukraine, White Russia, the Baltic States
and other regions the Germans were to temporarily take from the Soviets.
As the Communists retreated, the Soviet secret police, known under the acronyms
NKVD and OGPU, murdered thousands of political prisoners in Poland, the Baltic
states, and Ukraine. In reaction to these murders the local populations killed
many Jews because the Jews were viewed as collaborators in the Communist occupation
and the suppression of nationalist organizations.
In late 1941, the Nazis began deporting Jews from central and eastern Europe
into the areas captured from the Soviets. These were generally concentrated
into Ghettos and labor camps. The conditions under which these expulsions
took place were far from ideal and many thousands died in the process. In
addition, over one million Jews are believed to be serving in the Red Army
during the time with over one hundred thousand dying while in uniform. As
the Germans retreated in 1944 and 1945, millions of people from the east came
with them. Some came willingly in order to avoid the Red Army. Others, mostly
conscripted for labor, were forcibly evacuated. Millions of people, mostly
ethnic Germans, died during this collapse of Nazi Germany through expulsions
that came during and after the defeat as part of the brutal occupation of
the Allies. Germany lost a fourth of its territory. Poland was shifted westward.
The Baltic countries would not regain their independence for decades.
After Germany's surrender, Europe was a chaotic mess with millions of refugees
from scattered communities wandering in all directions. There was no way to
determine how many Jews had died at that point despite the fact that the six
million figure had been part of the anti-German propaganda long before the
war was over. During the war years and the first years after the war, millions
of people--Jews included--left Europe for other parts of the world including
the US, the Middle East, Australia, Canada, South America, and South Africa.
In the case of the Jews, there were organizations assisting their relocation,
particularly to British- controlled Palestine.
It is very easy to claim a European Jewish population on eleven million in
1939 and a Jewish population of five million in 1945, but there is no way
to verify either number. Nevertheless, simply due the fact that there were
massive shifts in population in the areas where Jews were most concentrated
and much of the most ruthless and destructive warfare was practiced in eastern
Europe, it is very likely Jewish casualties were heavy and may have exceeded
one million dead.
The remainder of the 'missing' were absorbed into the USSR. or moved to The
US, Palestine/Israel, Argentina, South Africa and other countries.
- 14. Why would concentration camp survivors lie about their treatment?
- There are a variety of reasons former prisoners of the Nazis would lie about
A. Many concentration camp inmates were imprisoned not simply for ethnic reasons.
They were there because they were common criminals. Some of these people were
not honest to begin with and used this opportunity to turn the tables on their
former captors. It is a way to take revenge and to distract attention away
from their own crimes.
B. Many concentration camp inmates were there for political reasons-- particularly
communists. They might lie for ideological reasons. Alleging atrocities and
abuse would help to discredit the Nazi regime and system that imprisoned them..
On a more personal level, communists and Jews who spent the war in a camp
working for the Nazis need to justify their actions while in custody. This
usually entailed working in German shops and factories for the Germans. Claiming
heavy abuse, or involvement in sabotage are ways of satisfying questions of
personal political hygiene.
C. Some former prisoners testified to abuse after their liberation from the
Nazis simply because that was what was expected of them from their liberators.
In the postwar trials some people became paid professional prosecution witnesses
who were willing to testify to just about anything. Perjury by prosecution
witnesses was not something that was punished-instead it was often encouraged.
Source: Segev; Butz; Staeglich
- 15. Why don't revisionists find the eyewitness
- Eyewitness testimony, even when it is not politically motivated, is the
lowest quality of evidence. Memory is a very malleable thing even under normal
circumstances. In the highly charged atmosphere of the ideological conflict
that destroyed a major part of Europe, the testimony of people who have good
reason to hold a grudge should be highly suspect and examined carefully. When
inspected critically, many of the cornerstone testimonies regarding the Holocaust
contain many factual errors and absurdities.
Another important point to consider is the circumstances under which the testimonies--particularly
those of the Nazis-were obtained. Torture was used in some cases to obtain
"confessions." In others, threats were made against the lives and
health of members of the "war criminal's" family. Under the conditions
that prevailed at the end of the war, the Allied governments could obtain
any sort of testimony they wanted to get. And they did.
It is not just the revisionists who view the supposed eyewitness testimony
with caution; Authors like Arno Mayer, J.-C. Pressac, and Tom Segev also are
aware of just how unreliable "survivor" and other postwar testimony
is. Despite this, these authors regard this testimony to be, in a general
sense, true even though they are exaggerated, or contain hearsay information.
Source: Butz; Mayer; Pressac; Porter; Lenski
- 16. Why does the US government endorse the Holocaust story?
- World War Two was the event which drew the United States back onto the global
political scene after following a politically neutral foreign policy since
the end of World War I. It defined the United States as the world's economic
and military superpower, with only the Stalinist USSR. as a major competitor.
The US began to follow an ideologically messianic foreign policy under Roosevelt
which sought to internationalize the New Deal. This political messianism solidified
and became more sharply defined under Truman and the development of the Cold
Part of the justification for the international role the US has played has
been its new obligation to fight 'evil' regimes and protect 'democratic' ones.
The paradigm for the US role in international politics is its involvement
in WWII and the paradigm for the 'evil' it is fighting is Hitler and Nazi
Germany--particularly as it has become defined in its attempt to exterminate
Since Stalin, our ally, could be argued to be every bit as evil as Hitler,
a reason had to found to define what made Nazi Germany so much more evil than
Soviet Russia. The idea that we fought Germany because Hitler declared war
after extensive US provocation does not serve an active interventionist policy.
The Holocaust serves the purpose of justifying US political messianism which
insisted on the unconditional surrender of Germany, bombed German cities into
ruins, suppressed German economic recovery for three years after the surrender,
and put the country under US military occupation for nearly fifty more.
Questioning the Holocaust therefore would also be a round-about threat to
messianic myth which drives US interventionist foreign policy.
There are other factors involved in the US endorsement of the Holocaust which
involve its prosecution of 'Nazi war criminals' at the show trials that followed
the war; Except for the alleged attempt to exterminate the Jews, the US, British,
and the Soviets committed all of the same crimes they accused and hanged the
Nazis for. Of course, not least of all, the political power wielded by the
'AIPAC' and other branches of the 'Jewish lobby' work to ride herd on the
US government when it feels its interests are threatened. The Holocaust is
Zionism's most important political tool and weapon.
Source: Charmley; Arnold; Butz; Lipstadt; Segev
- 17. Why does the current German government endorse the Holocaust story?
- The postwar German government of West Germany, based in Bonn, which has
become the government of a reunified Germany has endorsed and protects the
Holocaust story by law because West Germany wished to rejoin the community
of nations that had rejected it during the war years. In order to do that
West Germany had to demonstrate its rejection of its Nazi past. Part of this
act of contrition is its recognition and support of the Zionist state of Israel
which states in its declaration of independence that the reason for its foundation
was the Holocaust. Any rejection of the Holocaust story by the German government
would be regarded as a sign of backsliding by the United States, Israel, the
international Jewish lobby organizations, such as the World Jewish Congress,
and other interested parties.
In exchange Germany has again been allowed to become a major political and
economic force in Europe. The myth that the Nazi regime was composed of a
few thugs who intimidated the German nation and that therefore Germans are
not collectively guilty for the sins of Nazi Germany has been promulgated
as part of the new German political order. A re- examination of the twelve
years of Nazi rule is viewed by the German establishment as potentially having
only negative results. It prefers the status quo where it pretends to be a
new Germany which has rejected its past rather than a creature of the Allied
- 18. What was the purpose of Nazi concentration camps like Auschwitz,
Treblinka, Belzec, Sobibor, and so forth?
- The Nazi concentration camp system served as a source of labor and income
for the SS which rented prison labor to private industry. It was a prison
system for common criminals and political enemies. Auschwitz and Birkenau
held many unemployed prisoners, many of them with no job skills or too sick
to work. These included inmates with chronic illnesses such as tuberculosis.
Some camps were designated transit camps where Jews being resettled in ghettos
in the East were deloused before being sent on to their final destinations.
In some cases Jews were placed in quarantine before being sent to their final
destinations to prevent the introduction of diseases like typhus into the
This is not to say many Poles, Gypsies, and others did not die in the Nazi
concentration camps. They did, but the context of their deaths is quite different
than the one usually portrayed.
Source: Butz; Staeglich; Ball; Levi
- 19. Why was the Wannsee conference held?
- Because of the rapid acquisition of huge amounts of territory which had
been depopulated by the retreating communists, the Nazi leadership saw this
as an opportunity to expel the Jews. Germany now had control of an area into
which to put them until the end of the war. Because of the war, an international
boycott of German goods and limits on immigration in Palestine and other areas,
Germany had difficulty getting the Jews to emigrate. In addition, the defeat
of Poland in 1939, and the annexation of Austria, and parts of Czechoslovakia
before that brought millions of additional Jews under German control. The
Wannsee conference was where Germany's new policy toward the Jews was outlined.
The Nazis believed the Jews constituted a security risk due to the 'stab in
the back' of World War One in which they blamed the Jews for Germany's defeat.
By expelling and isolating the Jews the Nazis hoped, among other things, to
keep the Jews from agitating inside Germany and detrimentally affecting the
morale of the country. They also believed Jews could not be assimilated and
were a negative cultural influence.
In the process of expulsion, many of the Jews being relocated would also be
put to work on various projects related to the war effort in the east and
according to the Wannsee protocol many were expected die in the process.
After the war, it was planned that a homeland for the Jews would be created
outside of Europe through an international agreement. The Jews resettled in
Russia, would be relocated once again to this new, remote homeland once this
expected agreement was reached.
Source: Staeglich; Butz.
- 20. What did Himmler refer to in his Posnan speech if not a policy of
killing the Jews?
- The quote from the October 4,1943 Himmler Posnan speech usually cited as
evidence that the Nazis were attempting to exterminate the Jews is this:
'I am referring to the evacuation of the Jew, the annihilation of the Jewish
people. This is one of these things that are easily said. "The Jewish
people is going to be annihilated," says every party member. "Sure,
it is our program, elimination of the Jews, annihilation-we'll take care of
it." And then they all come trudging, 80 million worthy Germans, and
every one has one decent Jew. Sure, the others are swine, but this one is
an A-1 Jew. Of all those who talk this way, not one has been through it. Most
of you must know what it means to see a hundred corpses lie side by side,
or five hundred, or a thousand. To have stuck this out and - excepting cases
of human weakness-to have kept our integrity, that is what has made us hard.
In our history, this is an unwritten and never-to- be-written page of glory,
for we know how difficult we would have made ourselves if today-amid the bombing
raids, the hardships and the deprivations of war-we still had the Jews in
every city as secret saboteurs, agitators, and demagogues. If the Jews still
ensconced in the body of the German nation, we probably would have reached
the 1916-17 stage by now.'
Some revisionists question the authenticity of the Posnan speech, while others
believe it to be authentic. In any case, the meaning of this one paragraph
taken from a long, rambling speech by Himmler to SS officials is ambiguous.
Himmler does not mention gas chambers, or death camps, or specifically to
mass killings. The meaning of this passage is unclear. Himmler speaks of large
numbers of corpses and the "annihilation" of the Jews, but he also
makes reference to "bombing raids, the hardships and the deprivations
of war" which would also produce large numbers of corpses. Himmler does
not say whose corpses are lying side by side.
In 1943 Nazi Germany had suffered a major reversal of fortune on the Russian
front. The SS was involved in fighting the Red Army and partisan guerrillas
behind the front. To say Himmler is talking about killing large numbers of
Jews in gas chambers is reading a lot into the text of this one paragraph.
The point Himmler appears to be making in this quote is though expelling the
Jews is a difficult, thankless task, but if it had not been done German morale
would be low and Germany would have be suing for peace with the Russians because
of internal disorder caused by the Jews. This quote should be taken in the
context of the Nazi myth of the Jews stabbing Germany in the back and causing
its defeat in World War I.
Source: Butz; Lipstadt; Steiner; Staeglich; Mattogno
- 21. Weren't gas chambers for killing people found at some of the Nazi
concentration camps when they were captured by the Allied armies?
- No. The 'gas chambers' on display at Dachau and Auschwitz were originally
crematory morgues. The Dachau crematory morgue was altered by the US Army
into a mock up 'gas chamber disguised as a shower' for 'educational' purposes.
The one at Majdanek was a delousing chamber for the fumigation of mattresses
and other material. Several forensic examinations of these rooms and others
which are now in ruins conclude none of these facilities could have been used
as execution chambers for the killing of large numbers of people. Their designs
are all wrong.
Despite the fact that these 'reconstructions' are displayed to hundreds of
thousands of tourists every year, Holocaust historians such as Arno Mayer
and Hugh Trevor-Roper admit nobody knows what the gas chambers looked like
or how they operated. This is no reason to believe the gas chambers are a
myth according to these two authors, but others take a more skeptical view.
Source: Leuchter; Lueftl; Rudolf; Gauss; Pressac; Mayer; Klee
- 22. How many Jews died during the war if the 6 million is not the correct
- This is not known, but several demographic studies indicate the number of
Jews who lost their lives in the war from all causes is somewhere around one
There are several difficulties in determining what the Jewish population is
at any point in time. First, a definition has to be agreed upon. If the definition
is religious, then a population decrease might be attributable to conversions
to other faiths. Are those who no longer practice any religion to be counted?
Once a definition is determined, how does one go about counting the population?
Between 1939 when the Germans invaded Poland and the German surrender in 1945
uncounted millions of people were displaced by the war. People who lived in
Poland in 1939 were in the USSR in 1945 and they didn't have to move at all.
National borders were redrawn all over eastern Europe. In any case, taking
a Jewish census was not a top priority in 1945 and none was taken.
Most estimates of Jewish losses in Europe are baseless, or at least flawed
in that they do not include Jewish population increases due to immigration
in areas outside Europe during the 1930's through the 1950's.
Even today in a world without the restrictions in communication that existed
in the preceding five decades estimates in world Jewish population vary by
several million persons depending on who is doing the estimating and how and
why the guesses are being made.
Source: Butz; Sanning; Nordling
- 23. What did the term 'selection' refer to?
- Holocaust literature often uses 'selection' as meaning a process in which
prisoners were segregated into a group that would be put to work and a group
that would be put to death.
Of course, the process of sorting prisoners by sex and age before the delousing
procedure was a standard and implied nothing sinister since the prisoners
had to strip in order to take a shower. The Nazi concentration camps generally
segregated prisoners by sex with children under 14 staying with their mothers
if an entire family was put into the camp. Prisoners were also selected and
organized by the type of work that was assigned to them. Selections also took
place when prisoners were to be reassigned to other camps, or were to be released.
Many who spent time in Auschwitz served sentences of less than a year and
went home after completing their sentence. In addition sick prisoners were
triaged and sent to hospital blocks. Many of these procedures required a quick
visual examination by an SS doctor who to part in the camp selections.
The 'selection' process was part of routine camp procedures and has since
been given an evil meaning in survivor testimony and Holocaust literature.
Source: Butz; Staeglich
- 24. What did the term 'special treatment' refer to?
- Several German words with the 'Sonder' or 'special' prefix have been designated
as code words in the Holocaust lexicon. 'Sonderbehandlung' can mean many different
things in German depending on the context. In many documents in the Auschwitz
files, the 'Sonder' prefix designated something that had to do with the hygienic
regimen that was instituted in the camps after the epidemics of the summer
of 1942. There was 'special action', 'special treatment', 'baths for special
purpose' and other terms which referred specifically to procedures put in
place to control body lice and the spread of typhus.
Source: Mattogno; Butz
- 25. What did the term 'special action' refer to?
- The diary of SS doctor Joseph Kremer makes repeated references to his taking
part in 'special actions' while he was assigned to duty at Auschwitz during
the Fall of 1942. This was during the worst time of the typhus epidemic at
that camp. While his diary does not make clear what he was doing during one
of these special actions, it appears his duty was one of giving clinical (i.e.
visual) examinations to groups of prisoners being transferred from other camps
and sub-camps of Auschwitz (e.g. Birkenau.)
Because of the typhus epidemic many of prisoners were in very bad shape and
prompted Kremer to record the horrible conditions that prevailed in the camp
at the time. In his private diary he referred to Auschwitz as the butt hole
of the world and compared it to Dante's Inferno.
A 'special action' could refer to any number of activities at the camp. The
use of this term in German refers to any unscheduled activities or duties
performed that were outside the norm.
Source: Mattogno; Butz; Faurisson; Gilbert; Klee
- 26. What was Zyklon B?
- Zyklon B was and still is a commercially made fumigant designed to rid man-made
structures, such as buildings, ships, silos, etc. of destructive pests including
moths, rodents, termites, and--most importantly during World War II--the typhus-bearing
Many of the Nazi concentration camps suffered from typhus epidemics which
killed hundreds of thousands of prisoners. Camp staff members also became
sick and died from typhus. To control the epidemics, a hygienic regimen was
instituted which included the periodic fumigation of camp buildings with Zyklon
B. Decontamination facilities were also built to delouse clothing, luggage,
etc. Some of these facilities used steam, others used Zyklon B. The hygienic
practices also included shaving the hair of incoming prisoners and forcing
them to take a shower as part of a delousing procedure.
Large shipments of the fumigant was sent to many of the Nazi concentration
camps and not just to the alleged 'death camps.' So the presence of Zyklon
B in a camp is not an indication that it was there to be used to gas prisoners.
Zyklon B is a fumigant. There was a hygienic need for a fumigant in the camps.
It's use in the camps is not evidence of a genocide program. In fact, it is
just the opposite. Zyklon-B was used in an effort to save the lives and health
of camp inmates and staff.
Source: Gauss; Butz; Faurisson; Lipstadt; Pressac; Leuchter; Mattogno
- 27. Why would German documents designate Zyklon B as material for Jewish
- The resettlement of Jews by the Nazis meant they would have to be moved
to housing in the east. This housing in some cases needed to be fumigated
before it was turned over the resettled Jews. Transit camps were also set
up where Jews, and their luggage, being transported eastward, would be deloused
before being sent to their final destinations. Since the delousing of Jews
and their belongings and the fumigation of buildings was part of the resettlement
process, there is nothing unusual in the fact in some documents the fumigant
Zyklon B would be labeled 'material for Jewish resettlement.'
Source: Butz; Staeglich; Sanning
- 28. Why did the Nazis equip some of their camps with crematories?
- From 1942 until the end of the War in 1945, the SS fought epidemics of typhus
and other diseases in the concentration camps. One of the largest camps and
the one hardest hit by the epidemic was Auschwitz and its satellite camps.
An average of about one hundred prisoners out of population of around fifty
thousand died there every day. The crematories were built as a sanitary measure
to dispose of the bodies of the dead. Auschwitz/Birkenau's crematories were
completed during the first half of 1943 after it was decided to expand the
camp to hold two hundred thousand prisoners. This decision and the already
high death rate at the camp is why the four crematory facilities were built
Many of the concentration camps had crematories and many did not. Included
in those that did not is Treblinka which is alleged to have been an extermination
camp. The conclusion that has to be drawn is the presence of crematories is
not an indication of the existence of gas chambers or an extermination program.
Several studies of the crematories conclude these facilities were designed
to handle the camp disease mortality rate and little more.
Source: Mattogno; Butz
- 29. Why were Jews required to wear a yellow hexagram on their clothing
in Nazi Germany?
- From the time the Hitler became Chancellor, the policy of the Nazi regime
was to institute laws which would politically, socially, and economically
isolate the Jews of Germany and encourage their emigration. The yellow Star
of David was only one of many harassing laws applied to the Jews to get them
to leave Germany.
Source: Staeglich; Butz
- 30. What role did the Einsatzgruppen play in the German war effort?
- Because the fight between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was a largely
ideological one, and the Soviet Union was not a signatory of Geneva Convention
agreements on the conduct of war, it was rightly assumed by Hitler that the
Soviets would not fight by the rules. The Einsatzgruppen were police units
assigned to the pacification of occupied territories in the east. Their duties
included fighting anti-German partisan guerrillas, shooting captured communist
'commissars' and executing civilians in reprisal for acts of murder and sabotage
committed by the guerrillas.
Source: Butz; Staeglich; Klee
- 31. Why were so many dead bodies found in the Nazi camps when they were
captured by Allied troops?
- By the early spring of 1945, when the British and American troops began
occupying German territory containing Nazi prison and labor camps, Germany
was in a state of economic chaos. Allied bombers and fighter planes made the
communication of goods very difficult and many of the concentration camps
had not received enough supplies for weeks or months to feed the camps, or
to provide the sick in the camps with medicine.
In addition, as German military forces retreated from the advancing Red army
in 1944 and 1945 many prisoners retreated with them; most did so voluntarily.
More and more people were crowded into fewer and fewer camps. The overcrowding
and lack of supplies combined to contribute to the spread of disease in the
camps in the final months of the war. The death rate in the camps outstripped
the capacity of the crematoria in the camps to dispose of them. In some cases
there was no fuel to run the crematoria even if death rates were at 'normal'
levels. This increase in camp population, and breakdown in support services
to the camps led to an increased death rate. The bodies piled up in the days
and weeks before the surrender of the camps to the advancing Allied armies
in the spring of 1945.
Source: Butz; Staeglich; Sack; Cobden
- 32. Why is the Holocaust story important to Israel?
- Israel's 1948 declaration of independence states the reason that state was
being founded was the Holocaust had shown there was a need for a Jewish state
as a place of refuge for Jews suffering persecution. Without the Holocaust,
there is no demonstrated need for a Jewish state. The Israeli government therefore
considers any questioning of the Holocaust to be a questioning of Israel's
right to exist. It passed a law in the early 1980's making questioning, or
minimizing the Holocaust a crime punishable by a sentence of five years in
prison-a sentence more severe than the one in Israeli law for questioning
Source: Segev; Butz; Sack; Lipstadt
- 33. What was Babi Yar?
- Babi Yar is a ravine in Ukraine where thousands of Jews are said to have
been shot by the Nazis and buried in a mass grave.
- 34. What evidence exists for the massacre at Babi Yar?
- The basis of the Babi Yar allegation is Soviet wartime propaganda, some
documents purporting to be Nazi reports of the massacre, and post war testimony.
According to these claims the bodies of the victims were exhumed and destroyed
by the Nazis before the Soviets recaptured the territory. There is no physical
evidence of the massacre. Air photographs taken of the area soon after the
mass exhumation is supposed to have occurred show no evidence of it.
- 35. Why were Jews put into concentration camps by the Nazis?
- Jews were put into concentration and labor camps for a wide variety of reasons.
Some were imprisoned because of criminal activities or anti-Nazi political
activities. Others, particularly after 1943 and the reversal of Germany's
fortunes on the eastern front, were taken from ghettos for the purpose of
working in factories and on farms and housed in concentration camps to keep
them socially isolated from the surrounding community. The war produced a
shortage of labor and Jews were exploited to fill that need. This situation
put Jews in the position of working for the Nazis and the German war effort
which was socially and politically embarrassing for them once Germany surrendered
and Nazism defeated.
Since Jewish inmates could therefore be seen as collaborating with the German
war effort, there was pressure upon them to explain why they had worked for
the Nazis. The explanation, like that used by Germans who were accused of
participating in the extermination of the Jews, was the only alternative was
death. If the inmate did not work, he or she was murdered The excuse then
was they had to cooperate to save their lives. Some have added to this reason
the self-inflated "in order to bear witness" reason for their working
for the Nazis, if saving their own skins was not reason enough. If the need
to bear witness overrides any reason not to cooperate with the Nazis, then
what was witnessed needs to be extraordinary. In this may be a core reason
for the wild tales told by some former concentration camp inmates because
after the war they were viewed with scorn by other Jews and wished to rehabilitate
their standing in the community. The Zionists living outside Europe referred
to the Jews who survived Nazi occupation as "soap" because of their
lack of resistance to the Nazi occupation and the extermination program.
Source: Sack; Butz; Staeglich; Mayer; Segev; Lanzmann; Porter
- 36. What was the function of Treblinka camp?
- Records indicate there were two Treblinkas. Treblinka I was a labor camp
that included a gravel quarry. Treblinka II was a smaller camp and was probably
a delousing station for Jews being resettled in the east. Train loads of Jews
would arrive at TII to be deloused. Their luggage would also be deloused.
Once the procedure was completed, the Jews would board a new train that would
take them to their final destination which was either a labor camp or ghetto
somewhere in occupied Soviet territory. German documents indicate Jews were
being funneled through Treblinka which was designated a transit camp. T-II
played a major role in the deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to labor
camps and ghettos farther east.
Source: Mayer; Ball; Butz; Sanning; Lanzmann; Steiner
- 37. What evidence is used to support the Treblinka death camp story?
- There are wartime news reports that Jews were being killed in large numbers
at Treblinka and there are also the postwar recollections of about 70 people
who claim to have worked as prisoners at the camp. There are also the 'confessions'
of Nazis who were either assigned to the camp or claim to have visited it
during the year or so that it was operational.
The content of the testimonies is largely contradictory and in some cases
very funny. Read about Treblinka from three or more sources and compare what
they say about the method used to kill Jews there and you will understand
why I say that.
There is no physical evidence that hundreds of thousands of people were killed
at Treblinka. The camp was totally dismantled by the Nazis and the site today
contains an elaborate memorial that was built long after the war was over.
Source: Ball; Mayer; Steiner; Porter; Butz
- 38. Why were Gypsies put into concentration camps?
- Some groups of Gypsies were put into Nazi concentration camps for several
reasons. The German government considered them a security risk, but more importantly
the Romany led a wandering lifestyle and did not occupy themselves in what
the Nazis considered productive employment. Because they refused to abandon
their traditional lifestyle, they were put to work in labor camps.
Source: Butz; Staeglich
- 39. Why is the question the gas chambers important?
- The gas chambers are supposed to be the end result of a long chain of events
that evolved into a genocide program. They then constitute the physical application
of Nazi policy toward the Jews. Whether the policy the exterminate the Jews
was the intention from the start, or whether it evolved into it over time
because of circumstance, the gas chambers are unambiguous signs the extermination
program existed. So, if the silly gas chamber allegation is abandoned in favor
of shootings, or starvation, or clubbings the whole fabric of the Holocaust
story begins to unravel.
If the gas chamber story is false, why has it been pushed for half a century
by those who insist it is true? If the extermination of the Jews is true,
why falsely allege gas chambers were used when another method of murder was
applied? The gas chamber story and the extermination story are twins joined
at the heart. If one dies, so does the other.
On another level, men were hanged because of the gas chambers. The German
nation has spent half a century apologizing over the gas chambers. The orientation
of European and Middle Eastern politics revolves around the gas chamber story
as justification for many actions taken by various governments. The question
of the gas chambers is important because outcome of WWII is the basis on which
the world has rested for the last half century and how that war is viewed
has a lot to do with how many countries view their current role in the political
Source: Butz; Faurisson; Staeglich; Segev; Lipstadt
- 40. How did the Holocaust story originate?
- The Holocaust story of German extermination of the Jews originated during
the war. The charge of gassings of Jews in concentration camps was leveled
by the Zionist and Jewish organizations appear around 1942 and were picked
up and given lip service by the American and British governments at about
the same time. Some Zionists were looking to leverage the British into opening
Palestine up to more Jewish immigrants. By pleading a refuge in Palestine
was needed due to the crisis of Nazi Germany's mass murder of the Jews, these
groups hoped to embarrass the British to life immigration restrictions and
to pressure the US government to use its influence to get Great Britain to
make the changes to its policies regarding the Jews and Palestine they desired.
Other Jewish organizations wished to stop the Germans who were deporting entire
Jewish communities east. Many of these deportations were taking place under
inhumane circumstances. Various plans were floated to purchase groups of Jews
from the Nazi regime to get them out of Europe or to terminate the deportations
and though the Nazis appear to have been willing to negotiate, none of them
The Soviets also began accusing the Germans of murdering civilians soon after
the mass graves containing the bodies of executed Polish Army officers were
discovered in the forests near Katyn by the German Army. Stalin accused the
Germans of the Katyn forest massacre as well. Katyn was one of the crimes
for which Germans were prosecuted after the war. The Russians finally admitted
responsibility for that crime only a few years ago.
As a propaganda story among many meant to discredit the Axis war effort and
overshadow Soviet atrocities, the genocide charge took on a similar role during
the IMT and NMT war crimes trials and the post war de- Nazification programs.
The point to it was and is to discredit the NS regime and place it beyond
the political pale.
The Holocaust became the paradigm which demonstrated the evil of the Nazi
regime and therefore justified the amount of destruction inflicted on Europe
to defeat it. The evil of Germany revealed in the Holocaust became the reason
Germany and Europe remained divided for so long and why the United States
needed to become western Europe's guardian.
Since Europe could not be trusted to protect itself after the defeat of Nazism
from the new menace of Russian Communism which had recently swallowed eastern
Europe, the United States had an excuse to remain engaged in European politics
and retard Germany's political and economic recovery.
As an indication the status quo established by World War Two is still in place,
recent commemorations of the Nuremberg trials have lionized them as a dispensation
of justice rather than repudiating them for the show-trials they were.
Source: Butz; Berg; Segev; Gauss
- 41. Are there precedents to what happened to the Jews?
- The forced transfer of populations is something that has happened as long
as history has been recorded. In more recent times, the Turks and the Greeks
exchanged populations when borders were redrawn at the end of W.W.I. At the
end of WWII millions of Germans were relocated under horrible conditions.
In the United States, Indian tribes were resettled multiple times as the country
expanded westward. Stalin uprooted millions of various ethnic minorities in
Russia and forcibly resettled them in Siberia. The forcible expulsion of ethnic
groups is not a unique occurrence and definitely not rare even in the last
one hundred years.
- 42. What escape routes were available to Jews during the war?
- Many Jews were able to leave Europe during the war through a variety of
paths. Over 100,000 are claimed by Yad Vashem to have crossed Soviet territory
to Shanghai, China which had liberal immigration policies. From there almost
all of them proceeded to other destinations which included the United States,
Canada, and Australia. Fashion designer John Weitz is said to have taken this
emigration route through China.
Others traveled south from the Soviet Union into Iran and then west to Palestine.
Menachem Begin supposedly left his native Poland during the war using this
Another pathway out of Europe used by Jews during and after the war was a
southerly course through the Balkans and Greece to Turkey and then on to Palestine.
Source: Segev; Butz, Sanning
- 43. Did resistance to German occupation affect Nazi treatment of Jews
in territory under their control?
- Soviet propaganda agitated for civilians to fight the Germans in occupied
Soviet territory. Many partisan guerrilla groups remained active in these
areas committing acts of sabotage and murder throughout the time the Nazis
occupied them. The Nazis viewed communism as a creature of the Jews and in
reprisal for the war being waged by the partisans, many Jews were shot.
Jews were viewed by many in the Baltic states, occupied by the Communists
in 1940, as collaborators in that occupation. As the Red army retreated in
1941, the Soviet secret police known as the NKVD murdered as many of the political
prisoners as they could before abandoning their prisons to the advancing Germans.
Many Jews who did not retreat with the Russians were rounded up and murdered
by local anti-Communist militias and German units in reaction to the NKVD
murders of members of nationalist groups they held in their prisons.
Source: Butz; Segev; Klee; Mayer; De Zayas
- 44. How were Jewish ghettos in Nazi territory administered?
- Ghettos set up by the Nazis were administered by a Jewish council called
the Judenrat. The Judenrat was the point of contact between the Nazis and
the Jews of the ghetto. It acted as the official ghetto government.
Source: Sanning; Butz; Arendt; Segev; Mayer
- 45. What role did the Judenrat play in providing labor for the concentration
- The Judenrat would provide lists of names of people in the ghetto that could
be conscripted for work in the concentration camps. This was a compromise
the Judenrat made with the Nazi SS which was known to send press gangs into
the ghetto and kidnap Jews off the street.
Source: Arendt; Sanning; Staeglich; Butz
- 46. Why did Otto Frank, father of diarist Anne Frank, leave Germany?
- Otto Frank was wanted in Germany on charges of embezzlement of money from
- 47. What was the 'transfer agreement?'
- An international boycott of German goods organized by some American Jews
cut Germany's foreign exchange. It also cut the value of German currency outside
the country. The Nazis wanted Germany's Jews to emigrate, but it was difficult
for them to do so for several reasons. One of the most prominent reasons was
they did not want to leave all their assets behind when they left the country.
The transfer agreement was made between Nazi Germany and the Zionist leadership
in British-controlled Palestine by which German goods would be purchased in
Germany using the assets of the Jews wishing to emigrate to Palestine. The
German goods would be shipped to Palestine with the emigrating Jews. The goods
would then be sold in Palestine and the proceeds would go to the émigré's.
About 50,000 Jews are said to have taken advantage of the program which was
implemented by the German government, the Zionist leadership and several Jewish
financial institutions inside and outside of Germany. One of the most notable
of these was the Warburg bank in Hamburg.
Source: Segev; Chernow
- 48. Why did the Nazis initiate a boycott of Jewish shops in Germany?
- The Nazis proclaimed a boycott of German shops owned by Jews in response
to an international boycott of German goods declared by international Jewish
groups on March 24th, 1933 that was to last more than twelve years.
Source: Irving; Segev; Chernow
- 49. How long did the Nazi boycott last?
- The Nazi boycott of German Jewish shops lasted one day: April 1st, 1933.
It was a Saturday--when religious Jews would not be doing business because
of religious obligations.
Source: Irving; Butz; Segev
- 50. What events led up to the Kristallnacht pogrom?
- Poland passed a law which required Polish Jews living outside the country
return to Poland to have their passports stamped. If these stamps were not
obtained by a particular date, the passports would become invalid and the
bearer would no longer be recognized by Poland as a citizen of that country.
Nazi Germany, fearing that it would suddenly have a large population of 'stateless'
Jews, forced thousands of Polish Jews living in Nazi Germany back to Poland
to obtain the required stamp. After the stamp was obtained, the Jews were
free to return to Germany, which is what most of them did.
Among those deported were the parents of Hershel Grynspan, a young Polish
Jew living in Paris. While several stories exist about his motivation, including
anger over what he considered the mistreatment of his family, it is not certain
why he went to the German embassy to kill the German ambassador. Because he
was not allowed to see the ambassador, the assassin shot another German diplomat
instead who died a few days later from his wound. Goebbels is generally blamed
for instigating the pogrom against German Jews that took place thereafter.
Source: Irving; Wickert; Butz
- 51. Why was German Jewry fined to pay for the damage done during the
- The Nazis fined the German Jewish community for the damage from the pogrom
because much of the material needed for repairs had to be imported. Because
of the Jewish boycott of German goods, Germany lacked foreign exchange. The
fine was a direct punishment for the Jewish boycott of Germany.
Source: Wickert; Irving
- 52. What was Hitler's reaction to news of the pogrom?
- He was shocked and angry. He ordered that it be stopped immediately.
- 53. How many gas chambers were there at Treblinka?
- One, three, five or six, seven, eight, ten, or thirteen depending on which
source you use. In some accounts of Treblinka there were no gas chambers,
but steam chambers that boiled Jews to death like lobsters. Other stories
allege Jews were crowded into sealed buildings and large pumps were used to
evacuate the air causing the victims to suffocate. The gas chambers of Treblinka
are a mystery both in their number and their design. There is no real evidence
the gas chambers at Treblinka numbered any more than zero.
Hannah Arendt quotes Eichmann as recalling seeing one large hall and being
told the killing agent was cyanide. Steiner states there were originally three
gas chambers and ten more larger structures were added later and that the
gas used was engine exhaust. An ex-SS member remembers there being five or
six large gas chambers and an unspecified number of smaller ones while another
states he believes there were eight. Hoess, the Auschwitz commandant, says
in his confession that there were ten gas chambers at Treblinka, but claims
to have visited the camp on a date before it existed. The IMT trials accepted
an official Polish government report into evidence that claims ten chambers
were built at Treblinka and the killing agent was steam.
Most books on the death camps contain very little about Treblinka and the
other four lesser-known "death camps" because evidence about them
is so scarce and confused. Even simple questions like 'how many gas chambers?'
cannot be answered authoritatively because the evidence is contradictory and
of similar quality.
Source: Butz; Mayer; Porter; Arendt; Steiner; Berg; Klee; Lanzmann
- 54. What agent was used to kill people in the gas chambers at Treblinka?
- It might have been cyanide, or steam, or diesel engine exhaust, or gasoline
engine exhaust, or some delayed-action mystery gas. It depends on the source
consulted. Since the camp was dismantled long before the war ended, it is
entirely speculation that gas chambers existed at Treblinka at all.
The official version of events appears based on the reports of Gerstein and
confessions of others who were either stationed at the camp, or survived it
as inmates. This version centers around the use of engine exhaust. Diesel
engine exhaust is most frequently alleged.
Source: Steiner; Butz; Berg; Roques; Porter; Lanzmann; Klee
- 55. What evidence is there that Jews were being resettled in the east
by the Nazis?
- First, there are Nazi documents that mention ghettos of resettled Jews in
White Russia and other areas of occupied Soviet territory. Second, thousands
of Jews survived their relocation by the Nazis and either returned to their
former homes after the war or emigrated from Europe after the defeat of Germany
testifying to the fact they had been relocated. Third, during the war, many
resettled Jews continued to correspond with people back in their home countries.
Source: Butz; Klee; Sanning; Staeglich; Mattogno; Porter
- 56. What consequences have revisionists suffered for their conclusions?
- Since at least the 1970's revisionist authors and researchers have met with
not only with derision from other historians and authors, but also with court
fines, imprisonment, assault, arson attacks against their homes and offices,
loss of employment, of pensions, revocation of academic degrees, exclusion
from entering some countries, expulsion from other countries. A popular magazine
in Japan was shut down after printing a revisionist article. A revisionist
book published in Germany was ordered destroyed by a German court-every copy
was to be burned! Revisionist World Wide Web (WWW) sites have been shut down
without warning for their content. Discussions of revisionist findings on
various on-line services have been cut off by the services.
Source: Watch the news wires.
- 57. What evidence exists for mass murder at Belzec?
- Like the evidence of it at the other camps, it consists of testimony. Belzec
is supposed have been similar to Treblinka according to some stories, but
a fantastic report about the camp filed with the IMT alleges Belzec had a
subterranean facility where Jews were marched into a pool of water where they
were electrocuted. Once they were dead, a grillwork on the bottom of the pool
lifted the mass of corpses up and out of the water. Then current sent through
the grillwork caused it to heat up and incinerate the bodies. It's laughable,
but certainly as true as any of the stories about Belzec.
Source: Ball; Butz; Mayer; Klee; Lanzmann; Porter
- 58. What evidence exists for mass murder at Chelmno?
- Only testimony.
Source: Butz; Mayer; Klee; Lanzmann
- 59. Where did the bodies of the dead at Treblinka go?
- It is alleged by those who claim to be survivors of Treblinka camp that
some 800,000 bodies were first buried in mass graves and that these were later
exhumed and burned on iron rails set over wood fires. Treblinka was not equipped
with crematories. Aerial photography of the site taken in 1944 shows no indication
of mass graves or locations where continuous burning of bodies had taken place.
Source: Ball; Butz; Roques; Steiner; Lanzmann; Klee; Porter
- 60. How many are claimed to have been killed at Treblinka?
- The figure most often given for Treblinka is 800,000 or more Jews gassed
or otherwise killed in less than a year. The bodies are said to have been
buried in mass graves and later exhumed and burned.
There is no evidence to support these allegation or that for the other five
so-called death camps. One of several versions of the Treblinka gas chamber
story alleges Diesel engines were used to pump exhaust into some rooms and
everyone inside died within 32 minutes. Animal tests performed in England
forty years ago indicate animals can survive three and one half hours on up
to 14 or more hours breathing exhaust from Diesel engines. John Ball has demonstrated
the area in which the bodies were buried was not large enough to hold even
one tenth the number that are claimed to have been buried there prior to exhumation
Source: Butz; Ball; Steiner; Klee; Lanzmann; Mayer; Berg
- 61. What evidence exists for mass murder at Sobibor?
- Only testimony.
Source: Ball; Mayer; Butz; Lanzmann
- 62. How good is testimony as a form of evidence?
- Testimony is the poorest form of evidence. The human mind is very malleable,
and memory can be affected by a wide variety of factors. Very normal people
can sincerely remember things that never happened. Add to this the interest
of many of the witnesses in getting attention, influencing how they are themselves
perceived by those around them, ameliorating their punishment, or exacting
vengeance on their enemies. Testimony alone should be used only with extreme
Source: Butz; Mayer; Segev
- 63. What was the War Refugee Board?
- The WRB was set up in 1944 by the Roosevelt administration and was head
by Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau who was the one who proposed
the destruction of Germany's industrial base at the end of the war. This plan
was the basis of US occupation policy for over two years after the German
surrender. The WRB was involved in projects to get Jews out of Europe and
served as a tool of the World Jewish Congress and other Zionist organizations.
- 64. What was the WRB Report?
- The WRB report is supposed to be based on the testimonies of three escaped
prisoners from Auschwitz who claimed Jews were being gassed at Auschwitz on
a large scale. It has now been largely forgotten, even though it is one of
the founding sources for the Auschwitz legend. The reason it has been forgotten
is that it is so obviously inaccurate in its descriptions of the gas chambers
and the numbers of Jews being killed. In effect, it was inaccurate about everything
that had to do with the extermination of Jews at the camp.
Source: Butz; Gilbert; Pressac.
- 65. How accurate was the information contained in the WRB Report?
- There is very little in the report which can verified as accurate. The bulk
of the information in the report is verifiably untrue or inaccurate by a wide
margin. Though the report is supposed to be the first detailed account of
the extermination of Jews at Auschwitz to reach the West, it is wrong in almost
all of its details.
Source: Butz; Pressac; Staeglich; Gilbert
- 66. What did the Auschwitz camp commander Rudolf Hoess confess about
the Auschwitz camp?
- Auschwitz camp commander Rudolf Hoess signed two confessions. The first
confession was while a captive of the British. This confession was read to
him at one of the Nuremberg trials at which time he testified the content
of the confession to be true. A thorough examination of the confession shows
it is filled with lies and contradictions.
Hoess signed another confession while in Polish custody. The contents of the
second confession are much like that of the first, but in his second confession
he accuses the British of beating him and forcing him to sign the first confession
though he had no idea what was in it.
Hoess also wrote a memoir while in Polish custody. This memoir is considered
by many to be a fraud which Hoess transcribed from a prepared text given to
him by the Polish communists. Even so, this fake is still in print and widely
The former camp commander also testified at other trials before he was ultimately
hanged at the Auschwitz camp that he used to run by the Polish Communists.
In his oral and written accounts of his time as commander at Auschwitz, Hoess
describes being ordered to established facilities for the killing of large
numbers of people and the disposal of their bodies. To fulfill this task assigned
to him, Hoess built one or more gas chambers at Auschwitz and Birkenau concentration
camps. The fumigant Zyklon B was used as the killing agent in these gas chambers.
The bodies of the victims were burned in the crematories and in open pits.
The ashes were then collected. Bones were pounded into a powder. All of the
remains were then dumped into the river. Hoess provided several estimates
as to the number of people killed at his camp which range from 1.2 million
to 2.5 million.
Source: Faurisson; Staeglich; Pressac, Butz
- 67. How was Hoess' confession obtained?
- Among the techniques used by the British to get Hoess to sign his confession
included sleep deprivation, threats against his family, beatings, and forced
consumption of alcohol.
Source: Butz; Faurisson; Pressac.
- 68. Is torture a way to get a reliable confession?
- No. The torture victim will usually agree to do anything in order to get
the pain or torture stopped. It is however, a good way to get the kind of
confession that is desired by the torturers.
Source: Butz; Faurisson; Porter; Pressac; Mayer; Sack; Preissinger
- 69. What did a US Senate commission find about the use of torture to
obtain confessions for the Malmedy Massacre case?
- The commission investigated nearly 140 former members of the Waffen SS who
were involved as defendants in the Malmedy case. All except two of these men
had had their testicles crushed while in the custody of the US military.
Source: Ziemssen; Butz
- 70. Was the use of torture and threats only used in isolated cases?
- There appears to be a wide range in how Nazis in Allied custody were treated.
It is pretty clear from various sources that threats against prisoners were
common. The use of torture was not rare either. Torture was used to break
a prisoner's spirit to gain cooperation, as in the case of Hoess. It was also
administered out of what appears to be pure sadism.
Source: Butz; Pressac; Ziemssen; Bacque; Sack; Preissinger; Weber
- 71. Why is it nobody protested the use of torture on German prisoners?
- There were some protests, and there was a US Senate investigation, but these
have been largely ignored or forgotten. The attitude of the time, much of
which continues to this day in certain circles, saw the Germans as deserving
of any abuse they received. The press and many public officials were still
under the influence of war propaganda. Voicing concern over the torture of
an enemy would be regarded as disloyal.
Source: Butz; Ziemssen; Bacque; Sack
- 72. Where did concentrations of Jews exist in Europe before 1939?
- The bulk of Europe's Ashkenazi Jews was located in Poland and parts of the
Soviet Union. Hungary also was the home of a large population of Jews. The
areas where most of the Jewish losses during the war occurred were areas which
underwent massive shifts in population and borders between 1939 and 1945.
Though a large percentage of Jews in the Netherlands, Germany, Austria and
Czechoslovakia were deported eastward by the Nazis, the Jewish population
of these countries were relatively small to begin with.
Source: Sanning; Koestler
- 73. What is the origin of the Einsatzgruppen gas van charge?
- Soon after the mass graves in which the NKVD buried thousands murdered Polish
officers at Katyn were opened to international inspection by the Germans,
the Russians, hurting from the bad publicity, put several Germans on trial
for murdering prisoners with the exhaust from truck engines. These charges
were later carried over to the postwar war crimes trials.
Source: Berg; Butz
- 74. Why haven't Germans and others in a position to know come forward
to repudiate the extermination story?
- Besides the danger of social ostracism for questioning the extermination
story, anyone in a position of authority during the war in a position to know,
in detail, what the final solution program involved is in danger of being
prosecuted for war crimes. There is no statute of limitations on Nazi war
crimes. Since the early 1980's laws have been passed in several European countries
which make it a crime to question the Holocaust or to offer an opinion which
is not in line with the official dogma on the topic. There is no interest
in what would be viewed as an attempt to rehabilitate the Nazi regime since
postwar German politics is based on the repudiation of Hitler and the Nazi
Source: Segev; Butz
- 75. Why were Jews in Nazi Germany forced to wear a star of David on their
- This Nazi edict, which copied laws from the Middle Ages was one of many
harassing measures instituted to isolate Jews in Germany and exclude them
from German culture and society. The objective of this and other laws was
to get Jews to leave Germany.
Source: Irving; Segev; Staeglich; Butz
- 76. What sources of information did the Western Allies have during the
war that failed to verify the extermination story or provide warnings about
- The Catholic Church, The Polish government in exile, aerial photography
of Auschwitz, The Polish underground resistance movement, The International
Red Cross, Spies in the German government, Intercepted German government cipher
communications coming from and going to concentration camp administration
personnel. There was a process in place in which governments at war could
register complaints and war crimes charges against their enemies. Each combatant
country had a neutral country which would pass these complaints on to their
enemy to investigate and explain. The Allies did not even ask the Germans
to investigate the extermination story in a formal complaint even though the
channel to do so was in place. This is an indication that the Allies did not
take the charge of Jewish exterminations seriously enough even to as for an
investigation or explanation.
Source: Butz; Staeglich; Segev; Mayer, Ball, Irving; De Zayas; Brugioni
- 77. What evidence is there that Zionist leaders did not believe their
- There was no effort on the part of the Jewish leaders outside of Nazi occupied
Europe to warn the Jews threatened with extermination about the danger. In
fact, the Jewish council at a ghetto near Budapest turned British paratroopers
from Palestine over to the Germans for fear harboring them would result in
punishment. Arendt and Segev relate that testimony at the Eichmann trial indicate
Jews in occupied Europe were unaware of the extermination at the time.
In 1944 Zionist leaders requested the British government stop running news
stories concerning Jewish scientific contributions to the war effort for fear
of reprisals being inflicted upon Jews in occupied Europe. That indicates
they did not believe Jews were being exterminated since a reprisal against
a population that was being killed in any case is meaningless particularly
in 1944 when nearly all of the Jews were supposed to be already dead.
Additionally, Allied leaders, while giving lip service to Zionist complaints
about the exterminations, did nothing because they did not believe and could
not confirm them despite the fact they had excellent sources for information
in Germany and Eastern Europe.
Source: Butz, Segev, Arendt, Gilbert; Ball; Brugioni
- 78. Do Dr. Robert Faurisson and Fred Leuchter claim Zyklon B was used
as a germicidal antiseptic at Auschwitz?
- J.-C. Pressac, the author of AUSCHWITZ: THE TECHNIQUE AND OPERATION OF THE
GAS CHAMBERS accused Leuchter and Faurisson of this because Faurisson used
the verb 'disinfect' in describing what the fumigant did when it was used
to fumigate a building. This interpretation of Dr. Faurisson's loose use the
word when referring to delousing is a false one. Deborah Lipstadt also picked
up Pressac's straw man in her attack on Leuchter and Faurisson in her book
DENYING THE HOLOCAUST.
Fred Leuchter explained that the morgues of the crematories at Auschwitz were
probably deloused with Zyklon B and that this is why minute traces of a byproduct
of the gas were detected in the samples of brick and plaster taken from the
ruins at the former Nazi concentration camp.
In interpreting the term 'disinfect' as meaning a process in which germs are
killed rather than meaning a delousing or fumigation process, Pressac countered
an explanation Faurisson and Leuchter never made by derisively pointing out
washing surfaces with chlorinated water would be a much safer way to disinfect
a building. Deborah Lipstadt, who probably never read the Leuchter Report,
picked up Pressac's transparent argument and incorporated it into her book
Source: Pressac; Leuchter; Lipstadt; Faurisson
- 79. Are accounts of cremation pits at Auschwitz-Birkenau credible?
- No. Various accounts from former prisoners who spent time detained at Birkenau
and staff who worked there include claims that a large number of corpses was
burned in open pits up to three meters deep because the crematories there,
despite a fabulous cremation capacity of 10,000 bodies per day, were not fast
enough to dispose of all of the gas chamber victims.
There are several problems with this allegation. Birkenau was built in a marsh.
The camp was crisscrossed with drainage ditches to help deal with the high
water table. Any pit dug into the ground there would fill with water making
the burning of bodies impossible. Even in a case where striking water is not
a problem, burning anything in a deep pit is difficult since the fire consumes
all of the oxygen available for combustion and puts itself out. There is no
point in digging a pit for cremating bodies and is entirely counterproductive
to the effort. Open air cremation is done on pyres, not in pits.
After Dresden was bombed, the Germans needed to dispose of a large number
of bodies in a small amount of time. In this case, besides digging mass graves,
bodies were burned on pyres, not in pits. If burning bodies in pits was such
an effective means for their disposal, pits would have been dug in this case
as well. They were not despite the fact pre-dug bomb craters in Dresden would
have suited this requirement. This fact alone indicates the story of large
scale pit cremation is pure whimsy.
Source: Butz; Mueller; Lanzmann; Ball; Leuchter; Mattogno; Irving
- 80. How does the crematory capacity of Auschwitz-Birkenau compare to
other Nazi concentration camps where exterminations were not taking place?
- In comparing the number of retorts, or cremation chambers, installed at
Auschwitz-Birkenau where large numbers of people are said to have been gassed
to death and other camps, like Dachau and Buchenwald, that had crematory facilities,
but in which gassing are not claimed, and the prison registered death rates
for each camp, it can be concluded Auschwitz- Birkenau was not suspiciously
over-equipped with crematory ovens.
Source: Butz; Mattogno
- 81. Why did Jews not return to their homes at the end of the war if they
were not killed?
- Some did, but most could not return home because it either no longer existed
or someone else had moved in after they were deported and would not be willing
to relinquish their homes to former owners and occupants. The war set tens
of millions of refugees on the move. Housing, much of it destroyed during
the war, was in short supply; There was no home to which to return. Others,
still living in Soviet occupied areas, had entered a new era of their lives.
National borders had been redrawn. Their prewar communities no longer existed
and many did the best they could to get on with their lives in whatever area
they found themselves. It should also be remember that the bulk of Europe's
Jews lived in the eastern part of the continent before the war and continued
to live there after the war behind the Iron Curtain.
Source: Sanning; Butz; Porter; Chernow; Segev; Arendt
- 82. What evidence exists for the charge the Nazis used the bodies of
Jews to make, among other things, soap, fertilizer, lampshades, gloves, book
covers, etc., ad nauseam?
- During the war, many rumors circulated about the Nazis exploiting dead bodies
for industrial, commercial and other uses. Some of these stories were merely
reworked versions of stories spread by the British about the Germans during
World War I. For instance, an article in a German newspaper during the First
World War dealing with the rendering of horse corpses to make soap was changed
by the British into a report that the bodies of dead German soldiers were
being used by the Germans to make soap. The British also spread the story
that German soldiers were cutting off the hands of Belgian children. All sorts
of these horrible stories were spread as part of the war effort.
Similarly, during the Second World War, atrocity stories were spread about
the activities of the enemy by both sides. The soap from dead bodies story
came to life once more in the form of German-manufactured RIF soap. A rumor
was spread that RIF stood for 'pure Jewish fat' and the bodies of dead Jews
were used in its manufacture. Though this and many stories like it are now
considered to be 'rumor' by Holocaust historians, Germans were tried at war
crimes trials on charges they had participated in the manufacture of soap
from human bodies and the Soviets produced photographs of what they claimed
was a laboratory near Danzig where it was made. Several men were tried and
went to jail for taking part in activities Deborah Lipstadt, Tom Segev, and
other Jewish Holocaust writers now claim was only a wartime rumor.
Nevertheless many Jews still take the story seriously. 'Soap' became a derogatory
term for survivors of the Holocaust used by Israelis after the war. The American
television comedy 'Soap' was renamed 'Bubbles' when it aired in Israel for
that reason. The Yad Vashem museum in Israel still displays RIF soap in one
of its exhibits. There are several graves in which German soap is buried on
the belief that it was made from human bodies.
The 'human skin' lamps were the property of Ilse Koch who was the wife of
a concentration camp commander. Her husband had been executed by the Nazis
over financial irregularities at the camp under his command. When brought
to trial, Frau Koch was accused of, among other things, picking prisoners
with tattoos she liked to be killed so she could make use of the art. As it
turns out the lamps were made of leather from goat hide and not human skin.
Frau Koch committed suicide while serving a prison sentence.
These and the other stories about the Nazis extracting material from dead
bodies for the manufacture of products are untrue and indicative of people's
willingness to accept any story concerning an enemy as fact. During wartime,
dehumanizing an enemy bolsters morale at home and justifies any vicious act
of war committed against it.. This is not to say all atrocity stories are
false, but great care should be taken before giving credence to such horror
stories. Even so, five decades after the war ended, many people are willing
to swallow any charge of evildoing leveled at Nazi Germany as true.
Source: Butz; Porter; Segev; Lipstadt; Smith
- 83. What is the explanation for all the hair, shoes, eyeglasses, and
other personal items found at Auschwitz?
- As prisoners were processed into the concentration camp, their hair was
shaved to prevent the introduction of more typhus-bearing lice into the camp.
Their personal belongings were taken away and put into storage. Uniforms and
shoes were issued to the prisoners after they were deloused. Hundreds of thousand
of people passed through Auschwitz camp and survived. The best evidence available
points to a total of around 130,000 deaths that took place during the time
the Nazis operated the camp. Nearly all of these were due to epidemics of
typhus and other diseases.
The separation of a person from their belongings in and of itself does not
cause death, however, those that not survive their time at Auschwitz did not
claim their belongings, so these remained in storage. In addition much of
this prisoner private property was left behind when the camp was evacuated
and abandoned to the advancing Red Army in January of 1945.
There was very real possibility of having one's belongings stolen while in
the camp by other prisoners. Storing the goods prevented that. Leather goods
are a haven for lice. Many items like shoes and suitcases were stored as part
of camp hygienic measures. Other items, such as shaving razors, were potential
weapons and were confiscated and stored for that reason.
Source: Porter; Butz; Staeglich
- 84. What have forensic examinations of the alleged extermination sites
- Several examinations have been made by scientists and amateurs of the crematoria,
and alleged gas chamber sites at several of the former Nazi camps. While they
generally agree on what the buildings look like, the conclusions as to their
nature diverge in some cases. Fred Leuchter, an execution equipment engineer;
Walter Lueftl, an Austrian engineer; Germar Rudolf, a German chemist; and
two revisionist researchers - David Cole of the United States and Ditlieb
Felderer of Sweden, among others, have all concluded the gas chambers and
ruins of gas chambers on display at the various concentration camp sites were
not and could not be used as gas chambers as described by eyewitness. A French
pharmacist, J.-C. Pressac, and the Polish government authority that administers
the Auschwitz museum draw the opposite conclusion based on the same evidence.
What they discovered were extremely small traces of Prussian blue, a byproduct
of the use of the fumigant Zyklon B, (i.e. the chemical HCN), in the mortar
at the some of the sites, particularly at Auschwitz and Birkenau. Revisionists
point out that the by product should be found in much higher quantity. The
traces were found at levels consistent with the building being fumigated at
some point. A gas chamber would contain a much larger amount of the Prussian
blue because of the repeated exposure to HCN as in the camp fumigation facilities
where Prussian blue has permeated deeply into the walls and can be found in
high concentrations. Pressac and others on the opposite side of the issue
argue finding any trace at all supports their position of gassings in the
Source: Pressac; Leuchter; Gauss; Lenski; Lipstadt; Lueftl
- 85. Why have there not been extensive forensic examinations of the killing
centers up to now by the Allied governments?
- There are probably several reasons for it and since these governments don't
even address the issue any reply to this question would be speculative.
The most obvious reason is the Soviets and her allies saw no need for them.
The war crimes tribunals simply took judicial notice of the crimes themselves
and therefore it was not required that proof be produced. The question addressed
by the IMT and NMT was not what happened, but who was to be punished.
A thorough examination of the death camps would more likely than not produce
evidence which would damage their case since they knew many of the charges
were untrue. Therefore such an action by them would be counterproductive to
the larger goal of discrediting the Nazi regime.
Source: Faurisson; Mayer; Butz; Leuchter; Gauss
- 86. Doesn't the verdict in the Max Taeubner trial indicate the Nazi Einsatzgruppen
were killing Jews?
- Max Taeubner was a member of an SS Einsatzgruppen who was convicted by an
SS court for his part in the massacre of Jews in the occupied territories
in the East. The court was particularly disturbed by his photographing the
bodies and sharing the pictures with family and friends. It appears from the
verdict the reason he was punished for his activities in the case was for
his acting in this regard without orders, the cruelty with which the executions
were carried out, and for taking photographs which he shared with others.
Certainly the Einsatzgruppen killed people, particularly Jews. These executions
were part of security measures instituted in the eastern territories occupied
by the Nazis. The point to them was to suppress anti- Nazi guerrilla activities
in these areas. Taeubner was a loose cannon acting out of his own personal
hatred for Jews. He was sentenced to several years in prison for his crimes,
but was pardoned in January 1945-- when the situation for Germany was beyond
desperate--and put back on duty at the front.
Taeubner apparently survived the war and there were several unsuccessful attempts
to prosecute him in the 1960s and 1970s in Germany for his crimes, but the
courts cited his prior conviction by an SS court and dismissed the case.
- 87. What is the Leuchter Report?
- During the mid-1980's a German-Canadian publisher named Ernst Zuendel commissioned
an American execution equipment engineer and consultant named Fred Leuchter
to examine the sites of alleged Nazi gas chambers at Auschwitz and Majdanek
and render his opinion as to whether these buildings were used to kill millions
of people. The report then, is Leuchter's opinion based on the evidence he
gathered and analyzed.
Source: Leuchter; Lenski
- 88. Is the Leuchter Report flawed? If so, how?
- The Leuchter Report is adequate for the purpose for which it was intended,
which was to fulfill the commission of Ernst Zuendel to examine the sites
of alleged German gas chambers, report on what he found, and draw conclusions
from his findings.
The samples of plaster and mortar Leuchter had tested left a question as to
how much Prussian blue residue from Zyklon B would be found in a room that
had been fumigated one or more times, but not used as a gas chamber. The answer
to this question was left open because plaster samples from the so-called
undressing rooms at crematory II and III were not analyzed for comparison
to those taken from the alleged gas chambers.
Source: Leuchter; Pressac; Lenski; Lipstadt
- 89. Have others corroborated Leuchter's findings?
- German chemist, Germar Rudolf has analyzed samples of plaster taken from
prisoner sleeping barracks and found that the amount of residue left behind
from fumigation with Zyklon B is comparable with that found in the alleged
gas chambers. Rudolf also concludes the gas chamber story is false.
The Austrian engineer Walter Lueftl has also examined the allegations and
came to the same conclusion; As did DuPont chemist William L. Lindsey when
he examined the problem of the gas chambers.
Source: Lenski; Lueftl; Leuchter; Gauss
- 90. Why would the Allies have been interested in Auschwitz long before
the charges of extermination there were leveled?
- Auschwitz was located next to a Buna rubber factory that the Nazis were
building to convert coal to gasoline. 'Operation Frantic' targeted German
fuel production facilities for bombing missions. As early as 1943 Auschwitz
and Monowitz, the Buna plant, were flown over by Allied photo reconnaissance
airplanes in preparation for it being targeted by American bomber planes.
The entire area had been photographed over a dozen times by the American army
by the end of 1944. Yet, despite this interest in the area, the US government
was unable to confirm an extermination of the Jews was taking place.
Source: Butz; Ball; Gilbert; Brugioni
- 91. What do Himmler's diaries reveal about the final solution to the
- That is unknown, since these have never been published and are not available
to researchers though they are known to exist.
Source: Irving; Weber
- 92. What do the Auschwitz-Birkenau coke shipment records reveal?
- Receipts for shipments of coke to fuel the crematories for some of 1942
and ten months of 1943 are in the Auschwitz archives in Poland. They indicate
an amount of fuel available to cremate corpses compatible with the registered
deaths in the camp for that period. The death rate was about 100 per day and
the amount of coke available for each cremation works out to a little more
than 21 kilograms (46 lb.) of fuel per registered death. This amount of fuel
is compatible with the requirements of the crematory machinery.
Source: Pressac; Mattogno
- 93. How long does it take to cremate a human body?
- It varies with the equipment used, but the cremation time for the equipment
installed at Birkenau appears to have required an incineration time of about
an hour per body. The entire cremation cycle took longer and each oven, or
retort, could reduce three or four bodies per day under normal operating circumstances.
Birkenau had a total of 46 ovens so the capacity would have been 184 bodies
per day if all of the facilities were operating at once.
This, however, was not the case. Crematories four and five had 8 ovens each
and operated for only a few months before they broke down and were mothballed
in 1943. The other two at Birkenau, numbered two and three, contained a total
of 30 retorts which would have put the normal daily capacity at 90 to 120
bodies per day which is the rate indicted for the camp by the death registries.
In 1942, when the crematory facilities for Birkenau were planned by the SS,
it was also planned that the camp be greatly expanded and the inmate population
increased to two hundred thousand. The camp population never reached that
number and the typhus epidemic was partially brought under control, so the
two smaller facilities were not repaired and put back into operation since
they were not needed.
Source: Mattogno, Butz; Iserson; Pressac
- 94. Where are the original Allied Auschwitz air photo negatives?
- In the CIA archives and unavailable to researchers. Copies of the films
can be studied by researchers at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
but it is believed these films have been altered and contain imagery different
from the originals.
Source: Lenski; Ball; Brugioni
- 95. What was the 'Madagascar Plan'?
- After France was defeated by Germany in 1940, the Nazi leadership researched
the practicality of resettling Europe's Jewry on the remote French colony
of Madagascar. It was decided Germany did not have the resources to transport
them there while the war was still being fought, so Madagascar was abandoned
in favor of occupied Soviet territory in late 1941. It was hoped at the time
by the Nazis the final expulsion of the Jews from the continent of Europe
would then be addressed once the war was won.
Source: Butz; Irving
- 96. Who was Kurt Gerstein?
- Kurt Gerstein was a low-ranking SS officer with a degree in mining engineering
who served as a sanitation officer for the SS during the war. Near the end
of the war, he deserted his assignment and surrendered to the French. While
a captive of the French, he wrote several reports or confessions having to
do with what he claimed to have witnessed with regard to the gassing of Jews
at various Nazi concentration camps. He was found hanged in his cell soon
Source: Roques; Butz
- 97. How reliable are Gerstein's confessions?
- The reports left by Gerstein are full of exaggerations and absurdities,
but because the source is an SS officer, they are frequently used by Holoscribes
as source material in their writings. A reading of the entire text of these
confessions can only make one wonder how anyone can seriously quote from them.
Source: Roques; Butz; Lenski
- 98. How much ash remains after a body is cremated?
- The Cremation Association of North America says that adult cremains weigh
between three and nine pounds. Others have found they average 7.4 pounds for
men and 5.8 pounds for women.
- 99. What does Dr. Kremer's diary reveal about his time at Auschwitz?
- Dr. Kremer's diary does not mention the gas chambers at all and only refers
to the use of Zyklon B once in relation to the fumigation of a barracks infested
with lice. Dr. Kremer discusses the epidemic of typhus raging through Auschwitz
during the second half of 1942 and the quarantine the camp was under to get
control of the spread of the disease. There are several references to having
witnessed horrible scenes while assigned to special actions, but these references
are so vague, only a very loose interpretation would allow the reader to conclude
he is referring to gassings in these entries. More than likely the references
are related to examining prisoners with typhus.
Other gruesome entries deal with the pathologist's work in collecting human
organs from dying patients for his studies; attending trials and executions
of prisoners. These were all duties he performed while assigned to the camp.
The key reason Kremer's diary is cited by the Holoscribes as proof of mass
murder of Jews at Auschwitz is his use of an ambiguous phrase in one of the
entries. The phrase in question refers to Auschwitz camp as "das Lager
der Vernichtung" which they translate as "an extermination camp."
As Faurisson points out, however, the Nazis did not refer to any of their
camps as such and placing this postwar interpretation on this 1942 diary entry
Moreover when the diary of SS-Dr. Kremer is used as evidence of gassings at
Auschwitz, it is required that his more explicit post-war testimony be used
in conjunction with the diary to make it support the Auschwitz gas chamber
legend. Kremer testified to being assign duty at gassings. He claimed his
function was to stand by in case an SS member accidentally succumbed to the
gas and render assistance in such cases. The problem with interpreting the
diary based on Kremer's postwar testimony is the diary is no longer the evidence.
The evidence is the postwar testimony which was subject to all of the postwar
pressures of the other testimony given by former Nazis.
Source: Klee; Faurisson; Staeglich
- 100. Are the stories of strange Nazi medical experiments true?
- Medical experiments were performed on some concentration camp prisoners,
but those experiments which were life-threatening were performed on inmates
who had been sentenced to death by the German government for crimes they had
committed. However, many stories concerning medical experiments, like those
of Dr. Mengele at Auschwitz, are more likely exaggerations and fabrications
because they appear to be scientifically pointless and even silly. The evidence
for most of these stories too is post-war testimony.
The Nazis do not have a monopoly on performing medical experiments on prison
inmates, however. In fact, some of the experimental research started by SS
doctors was continued and completed by American military doctors after the
Source: Butz; Porter; Klee
- 101. Did Hitler order the Jews be exterminated?
- Though that is alleged by those wishing to discredit Hitler and others who
wished to shift blame to a dead man. No extermination order has ever been
located, and there is no evidence Hitler even knew such a program existed.
Source: Irving; Butz; Mayer; Klee; Staeglich
- 102. Did Himmler order the gas chambers be destroyed?
- It is claimed Himmler, the head of the SS, ordered the destruction of the
gas chambers in October or November of 1944 and the extermination of the Jews
ended. No proof of this has ever been produced. The story of the Himmler order,
like the story of the Hitler order to kill the Jews is based largely on postwar
testimony, particularly that of Eichmann and Hoess.
The gas chamber facilities at Auschwitz were supposed to have been destroyed
soon after this order was issued, but aerial photographs taken as late as
January 1945 show at least one of the crematory buildings still intact several
months after they were allegedly destroyed.
Source: Butz; Brugioni; Pressac; Ball
- 103. How many people survived being imprisoned at Auschwitz?
- Recent (1996) press articles estimate the number of people to have survived
imprisonment at Auschwitz to be 200,000. The real number is unknown, but many
people were imprisoned at Auschwitz and its satellite camps for very short
times and were then released after they had served their sentences. The real
number, depending on the definition of 'survived', therefore may be higher.
This huge number of survivors is interesting in that the extermination program
was supposed to have been a state secret. Witnesses to it were supposedly
killed as part of the effort to destroy the evidence of the crime. Yet the
crematories were built in plain sight of everyone arriving at camp and most
of the barracks buildings. An athletic field was situated next to Crematory
III. There was no effort to hide the facilities, or to kill the people imprisoned
at Auschwitz who could see everything.
Source: Associated Press/Reuters; Ball; Brugioni; Mattogno
- 104. What is the Mueller document?
- The Müller document, published in 1980's, is purported to be an Austrian
police memorandum from the postwar 1940's which lists Nazi concentration camps
where gassing claims had been investigated and proved to be false. An Austrian,
Emil Lauchout, claims the document to be genuine, but its provenance has never
been established beyond question. It appears the gassing claims were never
investigated, but simply accepted by the Allied governments as fact.
Source: Faurisson; Lenski
- 105. Doesn't Holocaust revisionism incite racial hatred?
- No. As far as I know, there is no evidence of that. What revisionists want
to incite is skepticism and an objective examination of major contemporary
historical issues that affect us all. Or to quote the revisionist researcher
and writer Carlo Mattogno:
"If official historiography reached the clear conclusion that their 'Holocaust'
version was historically flawed, would it be necessary to hush it up out of
fear of providing justification for neo-Nazi resurgency?"
In other words, if it is true, it is unintentional and beside the point.
- 106. What was the "Europa plan?"
- The Europa plan was the brainchild of a Rabbi Weissmandel and Gisi Fleischmann,
two Czech Jews, who presented a forged letter to the Nazi authorities requesting
the expulsion of Jews under Nazi occupation all over Europe be stopped in
exchange for several million dollars. The letter was represented as being
from Jewish leaders. The Nazis were interested in the deal and entered into
serious negotiations. As a sign of Weissmandel's earnestness, the Nazis demanded
an advance payment of $200,000.
Weissmandel's appeal to the Warburg-run Joint Distribution Committee and the
Zionist movement for money to keep negotiations going were rejected. After
several months of talks, no deal was made and the Weissmandel's attempt to
stop the deportations failed from his inability to generate support from Jewish
organizations outside Europe.
Arendt, Hannah (1964) EICHMANN IN JERUSALEM: A REPORT ON THE
BANALITY OF EVIL The Viking Press
Bacque, James (1991) OTHER LOSSES St. Martin's Press
Ball, John C. (1992) AIR PHOTO EVIDENCE Ball Resource Services
Brugioni, Dino A.; Poirier, Robert G. (1979) THE HOLOCAUST REVISITED:
A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU EXTERMINATION
COMPLEX Central Intelligence Agency
Butz, Arthur R. (1976) THE HOAX OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Institute
for Historical Review
Calvocoressi, Peter; Wint, Guy (1972) TOTAL WAR VOLUME 1: THE
WAR IN THE WEST Ballantine Books
Chernow, Ron (1993) THE WARBURGS Random House
Cobden, John (1994) DACHAU: REALITY AND MYTH Institute for Historical
Cockburn, Andrew (198?) THE THREAT: INSIDE THE SOVIET MILITARY
de Zayas, Alfred M. (1989) NEMESIS AT POTSDAM: THE EXPULSION OF
THE GERMANS FROM THE EAST University of Nebraska Press
de Zayas, Alfred M. (1989) THE WEHRMACHT WAR CRIMES BUREAU, 1939-1945
University of Nebraska Press
Gauss, Ernst (1994) GRUNDLAGEN ZUR ZEITGESCHICHTE Grabert
Gehlen, Reinhard (1972) THE SERVICE: THE MEMOIRS OF GENERAL REINHARD
GEHLEN World Publishing
Gilbert, Martin (1981) AUSCHWITZ AND THE ALLIES Holt Rinehart
Hoggan, David L. (1989) THE FORCED WAR: WHEN PEACEFUL REVISION
FAILED Institute for Historical Review
Irving, David (1991) HITLER'S WAR Focal Point
Irving, David (1996) GOEBBELS: MASTERMIND OF THE THIRD REICH Focal
Iserson, Kenneth V. (1994) DEATH TO DUST: WHAT HAPPENS TO DEAD
BODIES? Galen Press
Kammerer, Solms (1993) A SCIENTIFIC SENSATION: THE RUDOLF REPORT
Klee, Ernst; Dressen, Willi; Riess, Volker (1988) "THE GOOD
OLD DAYS:" THE HOLOCAUST AS SEEN BY ITS PERPETRATORS AND
BYSTANDERS Free Press
Lanzmann, Claude (1985) SHOAH: AN ORAL HISTORY OF THE HOLOCAUST
Lenski, Robert (1989) THE HOLOCAUST ON TRIAL: THE CASE OF ERNST
ZUNDEL Reporter Press
Leuchter, Fred A. (1988) THE LEUTCHER REPORT: THE END OF A MYTH
Samisdat Publishers Limited
Lipstadt, Deborah (1993) DENYING THE HOLOCAUST: THE GROWING ASSAULT
ON TRUTH AND MEMORY Free Press
Mattogno, Carlo (1994) AUSCHWITZ: THE END OF A LEGEND Institute
for Historical Review
Mattogno, Carlo (1996) MY BANNED HOLOCAUST INTERVIEW Granata
Mayer, Arno J. (1988) WHY DID THE SKIES NOT DARKEN? Pantheon Press
Mueller, Filip (1979) EYEWITNESS AUSCHWITZ Stein and Day
Porter, Carlos Whitlock (1988) MADE IN RUSSIA: THE HOLOCAUST Historical
Pressac, Jean-Claude (1989) AUSCHWITZ: THE TECHNIQUE AND OPERATION
OF THE GAS CHAMBERS
Robnett, Geoge W. (1968) CONQUEST THROUGH IMMIGRATION: HOW ZIONISM
TURNED PALESTINE IN A JEWISH STATE Omni Publications
Roques, Henri (1989) THE 'CONFESSIONS' OF KURT GERSTEIN Institute
for Historical Review
Sanning, Walter N. (1983) THE DISSOLUTION OF EASTERN EUROPEAN
JEWRY Institute for Historical Review
Segev, Tom (1993) THE SEVENTH MILLION Hill and Wang
Smith, Bradley (1988) CONFESSIONS OF A HOLOCAUST REVISIONIST Prima
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr I (1973) THE GULAG ARCHIPELAGO Harper
Staeglich, Wilhelm (1986) THE AUSCHWITZ MYTH Institute for Historical
Steiner, Jean-Frangois (1979) TREBLINKA New American Library
Ziemssen, Dietrich (1981) THE MALMEDY TRIAL Institute for Historical
Bibliography: Articles and Pamphlets
"Diesel Gas Chambers: The Myth Within the Myth" by
Friedrich P. Berg JHR Vol 5 No. 1. Spring 1984
"The Franke-Gricksch 'Resettlement-Action Report' Anatomy
of a Fabrication" by Brian A. Renk JHR Vol. Eleven, No. Three.
"My Confrontation with Deborah Lipstadt" by David Irving
THE JOURNAL OF HISTORICAL REVIEW Volume 15, Number 1 January /
February 1995. Pages 28-30.
"What is "Holocaust Denial"? IHR pamphlet 1992
"A few facts about the INSTITUTE FOR HISTORICAL REVIEW."
pamphlet / IHR
"Confessions of SS Men who were at Auschwitz" by Dr.
Robert Faurisson. JHR Vol. 2 No. 2 1981
"How the British Obtained the Confessions of Rudolf Hoess"
by Dr. Robert Faurisson JHR Vol.7 No.4 1986-87
"The Lueftl Report" by Walter Lueftl JHR Vol. 12 No.
World Wide Web sites of interest
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